Worried that your kids will forget everything they learned in summer school? Scholars have been studying this problem for more than a century.
When William White, a professor of mathematics at New York State, set out in the early 1900s to study how much math students remembered during the summer holidays, he checked to see whether they could take a test at the start of school. Like how well would you do? Taken at the end of the last school year.
While class II students got an average of nine out of 70 questions wrong in June, an average of 25 out of 70 questions got wrong in the same exam after the summer break. But after two weeks of practice, the number of wrong answers of the students came down to 15.
White’s study—titled “Review Before and After Vacation” and published in 1906—concluded that “what is least important has to be lost first.”
White’s study is also one of the first in what educators today refer to as “summer learning impairment”—the negative effect that a long summer vacation can have on students’ learning of facts and skills learned in the previous school year. It affects the ability to remember.
impact on student achievement
Summer loss studies increased in the 1990s as Congress began to place more emphasis on holding schools accountable for the achievement of all students.
Over the summer, students typically lose about a month’s worth of learning in the areas of math facts and spelling. Research has also found that summer learning loss is more severe among students with disabilities, English language learners, and students living in poverty.
But researchers’ understanding of heat loss continues to evolve. For example, one study found that the students who experienced the most losses were those who showed the greatest gains at the end of the school year, just before exams. This raises questions about whether their gains were true gains or just the result of special preparation for the exam.
A long school year?
Some have argued that heat loss would not have occurred if the US had a longer school year or year-round school. For example, they point to countries such as China, where the school year is 245 days, as opposed to the traditional 180-day school year in the US, China among the top 20 countries in terms of math, science and student scores. is in the first place. Reading. The US ranks 25th out of 77 countries and is several points behind Australia, Switzerland, Norway and the Czech Republic, which are ranked 21 to 24 respectively.
But shorter school years don’t always result in lower test scores. For example, students in Ireland outperform American students by an average of 10 points in math, science and reading, according to the International Student Assessment Program, better known as PISA, yet by only 167 days. go to school, or go to school in less time than 13 days. America
How parents and caregivers can limit heat loss
Some parents take advantage of school-based programs that can help students maintain their academic skills during the summer. But there are still ways parents and other caregivers can avoid heat loss that doesn’t involve school. Here are six:
1. Models you want to see: First and foremost, never forget that you are a role model. Children will do what they see adults doing around them. Summer is the perfect time for you to reduce your screen time and increase the time you spend reading, writing, taking a walk, playing games or talking.
2. Visit the Library: Children love freedom. One of the best ways to allow children to demonstrate independence is to browse the shelves of a local library and select books they can read independently or have them read aloud to you. Participate in story hours if your local library offers activities. Make it a habit to visit the library on a weekly basis or at least several times a month. These library visits will strengthen the reading skills of the child.
3. Play Games During Trips: When traveling by car, bus or train, there are games – both word and numbers – that you can engage with your kids. For example, you can play “I Spy with My Little Eye,” guess how many fast-food restaurants you’ll pass or even look for all words that begin with a certain letter. These activities not only engage children but also enhance their skills in a wide range of academic areas such as literacy, numeracy and communication.
4. Encourage Your Kids to Keep a Summer Journal: To get them started, suggest a journal entry of “10 things I want to do before summer is over.” The list could include activities like watching the sunrise, going all day without shoes on, or seeing how far they can spit a watermelon seed. To make the magazine more interesting, encourage children to fill it with both writing and drawing.
5. Visit Destinations: Plan trips to introduce you and your kids to local sights. Document the trip with a journal entry, illustrations or photographs, and do some research on the site’s history. Excursions can be even more worthwhile if you have kids so do a little research on the places you visit.
6. Plan a Weekly Family Picnic: Change the meal to include breakfast, lunch, dinner or even dessert. Let your kids plan the menu and cook with you, as well as select the site for the picnic. Research has found that involving children in meal preparation by doing tasks such as making a grocery list can help improve their reading, writing and math skills.