Tuesday, June 6, 2023

A difficult future without order or foretelling

Mónica Quintana and David Alayón, authors of Upgrade, decided to place themselves “in the opportunity of the quarter” and focus their book as a guide to developing “future-proof” professional skills in complex times, with one hand to hyperspecialization and, together with vocation. the other, multidisciplinary or neogeneral profiles. Alejandra de la Fuente, writer @shitjobs and La España Precaria, talks about a culture of fear, conformity and precariousness, sometimes adorned with anglicisms that make it look modern – freelancers, digital nomads, friganismo (taking food from the garbage). Lucía Ortiz de Zárate, researcher of Ethics and AI, the Government at the Autonomous University of Madrid and the Circle of Fine Arts warns of the risks of datafication, algorithmic control and automation of the labor market and urges “not to buy the opinion of the finger. or die “inconsiderately or by reworking the model.

There are three visions, three glasses of different colors that look at the polyhedral and uncertain business of the future, and the workers of tomorrow. “We have to change the concept of work,” Quintana asserts, alluding to trends such as teleworking and hybrid work contexts, or the increasing demand for well-being, especially from younger workers. Upgrade uses the human-machine metaphor to recommend its readers to upgrade their operating systems, either download or install new tablets, and upgrade their hardware (sleep, exercise, and diet). “There is a direct relationship between our well-being and our performance,” says Alayón.

Lucía Ortiz de Zárate, Researcher of Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the Autonomous University of Madrid and associate researcher at the Círculo de Bellas Artes de Madrid.Gorka Estrada

From those fears after the 2008 crisis, when Spain reached six million unemployed, to the mud of the 2012 labor reform, which made the labor market more precarious with measures such as the reduction of separation pay, the expansion of the objective of dismissal, removal; authorized by the Ministry of Labor to make an ERTE or replacement of the company agreement from that sector. Having said this, De la Fuente defends the greater temporary employment, which “in 2018 was about 27%”, and the salary devaluation affects, especially young people. “The youth of 2008 are not so young anymore, and have been replaced by new generations, like mine, who continue to carry the problem,” he maintains. But seeing that it is increased by the abuse of technology according to the apostle.

a fragile log

“The work of uberization is not only a rider, but web programmers or journalists,” denounces De la Fuente, who also points out the excess of government (companies that monitor their employees and do not give time to the bathroom) and bad practices working in developed countries. Time magazine revealed that the ChatGPT algorithm was used to educate and train workers in Kenya for less than two cents an hour. “For the time to come, in which the technology is used ethically and workers, it is necessary to regulate, to have inspections of the work, and to create many plans of many experts, so that it is a good question and not too late”, he asks. “It is interesting to look at technology not only for productivity, but also for taking care of problems; for example, to help reduce the figure of 700 deaths a year in occupational accidents that occur in Spain”, he suggests.

Alejandra de la Fuente, author of @mierdajobs and ‘La España Precaria’. Gorka Estrada

Ortiz de Zárate agrees to aspire to a different kind of positive future, in which not only the product is valued. Also, care is necessary no matter how much automation progresses. In his view, it was a break with the belief of 30 years ago that automation would help us do better and work less. “We’re starting to feel the twisted and political qualities of technology,” he warns. While waiting for the robots to arrive, there are companies that want their employees to behave as such and from their processes to convert abstract data into information that often leads to unfair situations. The expert urges us to think about workers outside Europe “who support our technological transition model”, and laments that “we are always late in the reconciliation between technological transition and rights, because the pace of transformation is tremendous”. And so he prescribes “an unpopular but necessary approach”, consisting of “criticizing the rhythm and environment”.

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