The border between the United States and Mexico is experiencing an unprecedented migration crisis. Thousands of people, mainly from Central America and Mexico, try to cross every day in search of better opportunities, fleeing violence, poverty and lack of opportunities in their countries of origin.
- More than 2 million people detained by US border authorities in fiscal year 2023, a historical record.
- Daily average of 5,500 migrants trying to cross the border.
- 40% of migrants They are families with children.
- 686 people died or disappeared at the border by 2022, making it the most dangerous land migration route in the world.
Causes of the crisis:
- Violence and insecurity: Gang violence, organized crime and political instability in Central America have forced thousands of people to flee their homes.
- Poverty and lack of opportunities: Extreme poverty and lack of economic opportunities in Central America and Mexico are factors driving migration.
- Natural disasters: The impact of climate change and natural disasters have exacerbated poverty and vulnerability in the region, driving migration.
- US immigration policy: Strict US immigration policies, such as Title 42 which allows the immediate deportation of migrants for public health reasons, have created a bottleneck at the border.
Consequences of the crisis:
- Saturation of the immigration system: Migrant detention centers in the United States are crumbling, with dangerous conditions and a lack of resources.
- Family separation: The Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” policy has separated thousands of children from their parents at the border.
- Human rights violations: Migrants are in a vulnerable situation and are victims of abuse by human traffickers, coyotes and criminal groups.
- Political conflicts in the United States: The immigration crisis has created a political controversy in the United States. For example, between Texas and the federal government on jurisdiction and border control. In January 2024, state authorities effectively blocked Border Patrol agents in a 4 km area at Eagle Pass, which saw an increase in migrant crossings. This area includes Shelby Park, a city park in Rio Grande that is now fenced off with gates and barbed wire, preventing Border Patrol access. The move caused a tragedy when three migrants drowned in a nearby river.
- Discussing reasons for migration: Invest in economic development, security and justice in Central America to create opportunities and reduce the need for migration.
- Reform of US immigration policy: Implement a fairer and more humane immigration system that protects the rights of migrants.
- Regional cooperation: Strengthen cooperation between the United States, Mexico and the countries of Central America to address the crisis comprehensively.
The migration crisis at the border between the United States and Mexico is a humanitarian drama that demands an immediate response and a lasting solution. Only through concerted efforts and a more humane immigration policy can this problem be solved effectively.