it was one of the worst experiences for Napoleon Bonaparte, The harsh Guadarramano winter earlier and experienced Spanish defenders did not make things easy for the Corsican to reach his plans. madrid,
The emperor ended up at the edge of a canyon being pulled uphill by men and animals to try to reach the bottom. somosierra pass,
Soldiers on top General benedict st john, About 9,000 men from different parts of Spain against 45,000 of the French army.
San Juan’s position was advantageous and only Almost suicidal attack by Polish cavalryCommanded by Napoleon himself, managed to defeat the defenders of Somosierra.
of 150 Polish cavalry Of those who took part in the action, only 50 reached their objective. The rest were killed, but his courage led to the taking of the position and rout of the Spanish artillery. Napoleon decorated many soldiers of this squadron there.
A plaque was put up outside in 1993, commemorating those days and the fallen. Hermitage of Our Lady of Solitude (17th century)next to the entrance.
On the wall opposite the road of the old national highway, under the large letters of Puerto de Somosierra, we find ‘in memory’ flags of spain and polandA plaque recognizing soldiers from both sides and, sometimes, three wreaths.
One is the winner, the other two are made of flowers with the Spanish national ensign and the colors of the Polish Republic.
Turning to the entrance, inscribed in a tiled frame Tribute to General Benito San JuanGuardian of this mountain pass.
You can see the glass windows inside the ashram of this small temple located more than altitude of 1,400 meters, In one of them, next to the Virgin, two Napoleon’s soldiers.
Also inside we find another plaque which was placed in 2008 by Embassy of Poland in Madrid On an initiative of the Polish Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.
Another element that reminds that the past is linked to the work of the Polish cavalry is an engraving that reproduces what must have been the audacity of some riders and their horses,
Finally, a painting in which a Virgin holds symbols of Poland and Spain recalls that after battles and the passage of time, the Somosierra hermitage has become a place of memory and connection.