The number and rate of abortions in the United States increased between 2017 and 2020 after a long decline, according to data released Wednesday.
The report by the Guttmacher Institute, a research group supporting abortion rights, counted more than 930,000 abortions in the United States in 2020. This represents an increase compared to about 862,000 made in 2017, when the national data reached its level. The lowest since the 1973 Supreme Court ruling, which legalized the process across the country.
Nearly one in five pregnancies ended in abortion in 2020, according to the report, which was issued at a time when the High Court appears set to overturn that decision.
The number of women going through this procedure reflects a need, and Sarah Rosenbaum, professor of law and health policy at George Washington University, said, “It underscores how devastating a Supreme Court decision on access to an extremely important service is going to be.” Is.”
Medical abortion, a combination of two drugs sometimes called the “abortion pill”, accounted for 54% of those registered in the country in 2020, the first time they accounted for more than half of pregnancy termination cases. Guttmacher noted.
The report said the COVID-19 pandemic has reduced the numbers in some states. In New York, abortions increased between 2017 and 2019, then fell 6% between 2019 and 2020. One in 10 clinics in the state stopped or stopped the procedure that year.
Texas saw a 2% drop between 2019 and 2020, coinciding with state abortion restrictions related to the pandemic.
Some experts say that in other parts of the country, the coronavirus may have limited access to contraception, or women are discouraged from getting all the medical visits needed for pregnancy.
However, abortion was already on the rise before the pandemic turned people’s lives upside down. One contributing factor was that some states increased access to pregnancy termination through Medicaid.
For example, Illinois began allowing the use of Medicaid funds to pay for abortions in January 2018. The rate of termination of pregnancy increased by 25% between 2017 and 2020.
In neighboring Missouri, however, they fell substantially, although the number of residents traveling to Illinois to undergo the procedure increased to more than 6,500.
“If states are paying for abortion, I hope they are also looking to support childbearing, so that a woman doesn’t feel that abortion is the best or only option,” says Vida for Right said the chairman of the national committee, Carol Tobias, who opposes the practice.
Every three years, Guttmacher conducts the country’s most comprehensive survey of providers of this procedure. Its data is considered more complete than that of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which leaves out several states, including California, the most populous in the country.
The researchers said that in 2020, fewer women were pregnant and a higher percentage opted for abortion. There were 3.6 million fewer births than in 2017.
The abortion rate in 2020 was 14.4 per 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 44, up from 13.5 per 1,000 in 2017.
Abortion increased by 12% in the west of the country, 10% in the north-central region, 8% in the south, and 2% in the northeast.
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