Nearly half of employment in professions related to science, technology, engineering and mathematics is concentrated in the communities of Madrid and Catalonia, and the national average for this type of work is 8.46 percent of the total, compared to 7.99% in La Rioja.
The greater presence of these jobs in Madrid and Catalonia generates a “regional polarization” that will in the long run create new problems of inequality between regions, according to a study by the Quarterly Observatory of the Labor Market prepared by the EY-Sagardoy Institute. has gone. of Talent and Innovation, BBVA Research and Foundation for Applied Economics Studies (FEDEA).
The study, which analyzes the growth of the labor market since April 2022 and was released this Thursday, indicates that Madrid accounts for 27.41% of these jobs and Catalonia 21.21%, Andalusia (11.59%), Valencian Community (7.55% ) is far ahead. , Basque Country (6.55%), Galicia (4.59%) and Castilla y León (3.43%).
In Madrid, these occupations account for 14.68% of the labor market, 12.13% in the Basque Country, 10.43% in Catalonia, 9.04% in Navarra, and 8.53% (average 8.46%) in Asturias, while in the Canary Islands they represent. 3.99%, 4.74% in the Balearic Islands and 4.85% in Extremadura.
In the case of La Rioja, these occupations represent 7.99% of the labor market, which in Spain represents 0.66% of the labor market in these regions.
Professor of Complutense University of Madrid, Raquel Sebastian, indicated in the presentation of the study that “Spain is still far from creating STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) jobs at the rate of the European Union, but as a consequence of the crisis.” The trend is starting to turn very positive.
Regarding the accumulation of these jobs in Madrid, Catalonia and Andalusia, he warns that “in the long run it will lead to problems of inequality in Spain between the regions”, “two poles of employment, very few and very high quality” and That would be “a region far from the centers of job creation in 10 years.”
“Within Spain we are falling apart, there are communities that are doing well and others that are far away,” he said.
The report confirms that job growth accelerated in STEM businesses and high-tech sectors, which were least affected by the economic crisis triggered by the pandemic and have since increased their share of employment.