Tuesday, December 06, 2022

Alert for rise in sexually transmitted infections among young people

Alert for rise in sexually transmitted infections among young people


JAÉN.- Cases of diagnosed sexually transmitted infections continue to rise. Many of them, especially the youngest, occur with new partners or in sporadic contacts, sometimes associated with the consumption of alcohol and other drugs. In fact, according to statistics from the Ministry of Health, about a third of new cases of syphilis and half of gonorrhea cases occur in people under the age of 30.

With the aim of contributing to information in this area and preventing transmission, they from the Illustrious Official College of Nursing of Jane (ICOEJ) emphasize the important work of information and prevention carried out by nurses, and in particular school nurses, “in their It is necessary both from a caring point of view, in the case of an educational one, as well as the attention of students with possible accidents or outdated procedures that may occur in the educational center since work”, informs the President of ICOEJ, José Francisco Lendínez Cobo. . She adds: “School nurses are important in terms of health promotion and prevention. In the case of sexually transmitted infections, it is important to address young people with clear messages based on scientific evidence, in their own language, that unfortunately counteract other material spread, particularly on social networks.

On routes of transmission: “Contact without preventive measures can be vaginal, oral or anal, which is why they are mostly related to unsafe sexual practices.” Among the most common, he explains, are syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital herpes, crab lice, HIV, and the human papilloma virus, with the latter being the most frequent. “Many of them may become severe at the time of infection and in the future” and in some cases they are responsible for diseases such as cancer of the cervix or larynx.

Some symptoms may appear some time after contracting the infection, so it can be transmitted to other people without being aware of it. In others, symptoms do not even develop, but the person is a carrier and may be contagious. These include abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina that is unusual in color or thickness; sores or warts in the genital area; frequent or painful urination; itching and redness in the genital area; blisters or sores in or around the mouth; bad genital odor; anal itching, pain, or bleeding; Abdominal pain or fever.

Finally, from the ICOEJ they stress the importance of using barrier methods such as male and female condoms and latex pads, and encourage the population to visit their health professional if they have any questions or symptoms.

As the college president explains, “It’s important that we give this information, especially to the youngest, who may logically be more skeptical. If we don’t educate, others will and unfortunately.” There are many myths about sexuality that sometimes compromise people’s lives.

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