WASHINGTON — China remains the United States’ biggest security challenge despite Russia’s war in Ukraine, and according to a new Pentagon defense strategy, the threat from Beijing will determine how US military is equipped and configured for the future. Is.
While the document released on Thursday said conflict with China is “neither inevitable nor desirable,” it describes an effort to prevent Beijing from “dominating key areas”, its offensive in the South China Sea. There is a clear reference to the increasing pressure on military construction and autonomy. Taiwan island, and has warned that China is working to undermine US alliances in the Indo-Pacific and is using its growing military to intimidate and intimidate its neighbours.
At the same time, the 80-page declassified report highlights the war in Ukraine and says Moscow poses a serious threat to the United States and its allies with nuclear weapons, cyber operations and long-range missiles. And it warns that as China and Russia develop as partners, they “face more pressing challenges to national security, even if terrorist threats remain.”
A senior defense official, who reported anonymously before the report was released, said it marked the first time that the United States was facing two major nuclear-armed competitors, Russia and China.
The previous strategy, launched in 2018 under then-President Donald Trump, marked a fundamental shift from the US military focused on combating extremists, to one that must prepare for war against a great power.
The 2022 defense strategy focuses on allies as a key element of America’s defense, underscoring the Joe Biden administration’s broader effort to repair ties with allies alienated by Trump.
The document also talks of “integrated deterrence,” which means the United States will use a broad mix of military power, economic and diplomatic pressure, and strong alliances, including its nuclear arsenal, to deter the enemy.
The report concludes that China remains “the most important strategic competitor for decades to come”, while Russia remains an “acute” threat.