Tuesday, December 06, 2022

Amidst great challenges, Brazil celebrates the bicentenary of its liberation from Portugal

Amidst great challenges, Brazil celebrates the bicentenary of its liberation from Portugal

Brazil, an independent Portuguese colony as an empire, celebrates 200 years of its liberation from Lisbon this Wednesday, in the preamble of a presidential election next October and amid a growing number of social issues to be resolved.

The most important issues for the population of Brazil in relation to the almanacs include the growing claims of indigenous communities with records of deforestation in the Amazon, increased hunger and other social claims.

In relation to the Amazon, according to the Brazilian government, headed by President Jair Bolsonaro, this year in the first half of 2022, the forest lost 3,987 square kilometers of vegetation, 10.6 percent more than the same period in 2021.

According to the National Institute for Space Research of Brazil (INPE), which began collecting data via the Deiter satellite tracking system in mid-2015, the mayhem has continued since Bolsonaro came to power.

With elections to be held next October, Amazon rights defenders saw a potential victory for candidate and former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to stop deforestation processes, given his performance between 2003 and 2011. Expected.

According to the Brazilian Network for Research on Food Sovereignty and Security (Red Penson), the problem of hunger is another unresolved issue on the eve of the bicentenary of independence, as about 33.1 million people in Brazil go hungry.

These figures represent 73 percent more than in 2020, and also highlight that more than half of residents suffer from some form of food insecurity.

The investigation showed that the number of families going hungry went from the equivalent of 19.1 million people to 33.1 million people.

Meanwhile, “more than half the country’s population—125.2 million people—live with some degree of food insecurity,” according to Red Penson, who isn’t sure what they will have to eat in the future. next.

In short, the Zero Hunger program was one of the key measures of the Lula government, which began to be abolished after the coup against Dilma Rousseff (2016) and then by Bolsonaro from 2019.

In this sense, Rede Penson condemned that the current one is the result of “a continuation of the disintegration of social policies, a worsening of the economic crisis, increasing social inequalities and the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic”.

Another ax of social demands is associated with indigenous territory, the centrality of the demonstrations in which has been the demand for a new settlement for the defense of the Amazon and the delimitation of indigenous lands.

The Expression of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (APIB) has led protests and demonstrations against the law of demarcation of indigenous territories promoted by Jair Bolsonaro’s government.

The APIB systematically condemns “a state of extreme vulnerability of isolated indigenous peoples who are increasingly threatened by deforestation and invasions of loggers and miners.”

For this reason, the advent of the commemoration of the bicentenary surprised indigenous peoples with the condemnation that the elimination of indigenous territories was a priority of Jair Bolsonaro’s government, in response to which they condemned that it was necessary to withhold bills that allowed Provides mining and prospecting within indigenous lands and which facilitates environmental licensing.

The issue of Amazon, among other things, the issue of hunger and the rights of indigenous peoples, will be the subject of discussion in the election on October 2, less than a month after the celebration.

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