As part of his package of constitutional changes, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) presented on February 5 an electoral reform that proposed a reduction in spending on campaigns, political parties, congress, and even the direct selection of election advisers and magistrates.
“The new electoral reform initiative that we will present to Congress starting today considers the reduction of expenses for campaigns and political parties, the reduction of the number of councilors in municipal governments, the avoidance of the use of an overly bureaucratic electoral structure,, and the abolition of multi-member candidacies,” he said when listing the series of reforms he will present on the occasion of the 107th anniversary of the Magna Carta.
In this, the president intends to shave’ many legislators; he will seek to reduce the number of deputies who are currently in the lower house of parliament from 500 to 300 and from 128 to 64 senatorial offices.
AMLO’s electoral reform also proposes that advisers and magistrates in electoral organizations such as the National Electoral Institute (INE) and the Electoral Tribunal of the Judicial Branch of the Federation (TEPJF) be elected by the direct vote of citizens.
“The councilors and the magistrates of the electoral organizations will be elected by a free, direct, and secret ballot of all citizens,” said the president.
In addition, it seeks to strengthen participatory democracy by reducing the number of participants in popular consultations from 40 to 30 percent to make them valid, effective, and binding, as in the case of the revocation of the mandate.
It is worth noting that the controversial initiative of the president comes without the support of the opposition to approve it because Morena and allied parties do not have the qualified majority needed in Congress to give the green light to the changes—or the Magna Carta.
AMLO recycled electoral reform and the National Guard; this is what he suggested
President López Obrador also intends to’recycle’ his first electoral reform, better known as Plan B, and the reform of the National Guard so that it is included in Sedena, which was ‘buried’ by the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJNThethe so-called Plan B of AMLO proposed to cut 3.5 billion pesos from the INE budget as well as eliminate 85 percent of professional election services.
Today, the president intends to reduce the budget for campaigns, political parties, and the number of legislators in Congress, but also allow citizens to choose their representatives in the autonomous electoral body.
At the same time, López Obrador will try again to get the National Guard to join the Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena), a movement initiated by the president and approved by lawmakers last year but rejected by the SCJN. that this institution should manage the Secretariat of Security and Citizen Protection (SSPCThethe reform of the National Guard caused controversy among civil organizations, which denounced many violations of human rights in the elements of this security body that currently has more than 128 thousand members.