The President of the Generalitat, during his speech in the General Policy Debate, surprised his members and the entire regional house by placing it on the table once again. Canadian Clarification Act Which leads Catalonia to a self-determination referendum agreed with the central government.
The proposal of the President of the Generalitat to implement Canada’s Clarification Law, which was already drafted by today’s Minister of Culture, Mikel IsataIn 2014 when he was socialist spokesman in the Catalan parliament, he opened the door so that in the event of independence, regions that did not vote to secede in a hypothetical referendum would remain in Spain.
Aragonese gives life to Tabarnia
Application of the Aragonese proposal, of which Moncloa was already aware and discarded after a few minutes of preparation, would mean division of Catalonia Two regions in the style of Korea or Sudan, one affluent and populated that would remain within Spain (Tabarnia) and the other aged, disadvantaged and economically impractical that would become independent. In reality, the application of the Clarity Law would result in a map of independent Catalonia being very similar. Palestinian Territories, Gruyere pierced like cheese because places like the city of Lérida or the Arán Valley would be Tabarense regions that would remain within Spain but surrounded by the Catalan Republic.
Iketa not only raised the idea of a clarion law to achieve a compromise between nationalism “state” and secession candidates, but also Basque lehendkari, inigo urkuluhas studied the passage of Canada as a formula for separating the Basque Country from the rest of Spain.
What does the Clarity Law say?
Canadian provinces, following the Swiss model, have the power to convene non-binding referendum on various subjects. The federal government based in Ottawa may or may not then accept such endorsements and their consequences.
Quebec is the only French-speaking province in Canada, located in the Atlantic region, with an Anglophone majority larger than the rest of the country, and for the first time in 1980, a celebration of one was proposed. secession referendum from the rest of Canada. Despite enthusiastic support provided by Pais, the proposal was defeated, but in the 1990s the Quebec regional government, in the hands of the Nationalists, returned to the fray and proposed a new independence referendum.
The federal government asked the Constitutional Court of Canada whether such a referendum was possible, and the court’s response, two years later, was that Unilateral separation was not possible, But if a referendum is held and the ‘yes’ vote is won, negotiations must be held between the provincial and federal governments.
Thus was born the Clarification Law, which was very badly accepted by Quebec nationalists and which established three very clear principles, hence its name. The first is that the question of the referendum should be clear, the second is that in the event of a ‘yes’ victory, it should be established that a sufficient majority was considered and from there a dialogue to make a constitutional reform started. There was no legal vacuum to avoid; And the third is that the territories that have voted to remain in Canada must be able to stay.
The second referendum was held in 1995 and the ‘no’ vote was re-won, in this case by a narrow margin of 55,000 votes, but the reality is that it has since entered power. clarity law Canada never held a self-determination referendum again. Like Catalonia, Barcelona votes in favor of isolation and the internal side of the community. In Quebec, Montreal voted no and the Labrador region voted yes.
Quebec and Catalonia, parallel fall
The impact of nationalism in Quebec and Catalonia has been equally damaging to both regions. Quebec lost 200,000 residents between 1975 and 1995 who sought housing in other Anglophone Canadian provinces or in the US and in those years according to the Montreal Economic Institute 700 companies left Quebec. Since 1995, Quebec has grown from 131 to 94 large companies, these companies, the engine of the Quebec economy, have moved to Calgary and Vancouver.
Quebec and Catalonia have not only faced the consequences of instability and lack of legal certainty at the exact moment of the referendum, but also economic and Trade desertification has become a constant flux in both cases.
Just as Catalonia’s growth since 2017 has been below the national average, Quebec’s GDP since 1980 has grown below Canada to the extent that it is today A Canadian is 5,500 euros richer than a Quebecois.
even in financial sector The experiences in both the areas have been similar. If in the Catalan case it was Caixa Bank and Sabadell which moved their headquarters to Valencia and Alicante respectively. In the case of Canada, the Bank of Montreal and the Royal Bank of Canada left Quebec for anglophone territory.