The dynasty Qin He was the first to rule China, from 221 BC to 206 BC. During the reign of this generation, bureaucratic and political development which continues to this day: the language and the way of writing, the units of weight and measure, religion and laws were standardized. Unfortunately, not everything is as beautiful as it seems sculptures at the exhibition’The legacy of the Qin and Han dynasties, China. The warriors of Xi’an‘, which hosts the Alicante Archaeological Museum (MARQ), this month of January.
The exhibition is one of the largest archaeological exhibitions to be seen in Europe. The team at ‘Archeomania‘accessed MARQ to delight in the art of China’s first empire and learn the pluses and minuses of its leader, the emperor. Qin Shihuang is not.
The two faces of Emperor Qin
The Qin reign is characterized by tightly structured. The mandate has a regulated social organization, a completely centralized and ordered world. The State is very present in all areas of Chinese life. Everything was ordered and controlled by Qin.
The first emperor of China had two faces: the visible and radiant; and the invisible and dark. The Empire left progress for posterity, high-end art and unique monuments, made of high quality materials. However, Qin infused the fear and the fright in society. The act of Great Imperial Mausoleumwhich the emperor ordered to be built, is a clear picture of the two versions of the ruler.
The Great Imperial Mausoleum
Experts estimate that more than half a million people They participated in the construction of the Great Imperial Mausoleum. The necropolis, square in shape, has a large face of sixty square kilometers. The human and material resources used to build the crypt were as large as its dimensions.
“Some of the corpses have signs of violence, they were probably sacrificed when they had finished their work.”
Professor of Archaeological Science at the University of Cambridge and Curator of the Exhibition, Marcos Martinón-Torresexplains in ‘Arqueomanía’ that the human remains excavated in the pantheon may come from workers who built this great work of art. “Some of the rest have signs of violencemaybe the they sacrificed when they have finished their work,” added Martinón-Torres to the program. In fact, in the exhibition there is a simple ceramics with the name of a deceased worker.
“The Qin Empire would have taken prisoners from the lands they conquered”
The Exhibition Commissioner confirmed that most of the names of the 18 people whose remains were found have been identified as having Xi’an. In the region belonging to the central plateau of China located the terracotta army. However, the professor explained that there are other human remains with more similar genetics in the east and south of China: “The hypothesis that the Qin empire would have brought. prisoners in the lands they conquered conquer them y conquer them“.
If you want to know more, you can watch the full program on RTVE Play.