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Saturday, August 13, 2022

best scientific illustration in history

A book compiling some of the most brilliant scientific prints from the fifteenth century to the present.

Constructive art of the 14th century by Leonardo da Vinci. Photo: Shutterstock.

Scientific illustration has been applied as an art form not only to understand, but also to record, study and catalog different parts of the human body, many diseases, and even the sequence of the human genome. Works for . This tool, introduced by the discipline of visual communication, is one of the most effective ways to capture what scientists and researchers want to reflect.

Significantly, on looking at a scientific illustration, it can be seen that it is not related to? graphs of an artistic nature, since illustrator Scientist uses the elegant art of showing whether Scientist Let me tell you without leaving your mark as the author. This model of scientific illustration is to be admired, as it is inherent in the nature of its model and provides great value. Scientist,

A great example is the Young Hare created by Alberto Dürer in 1502, without any aesthetic element that distracts from the information being displayed. It is necessary to highlight that science It is not only illustrated with pictures, but also represented with statistical graphs, infographics, tables and diagrams, which need to be processed by the joint work of illustrators, scientists, graphic designers, scientists and science communicators.

The Periodic Table of the Elements is the most accurate depiction of history for most of the scientific community, a table that facilitates the study, information, and classification of chemical elements, and is so extraordinary that Dmitry Mendeleev created the blank for himself. abandoned elements that were not yet discovered in his time.

On the other hand, throughout history scienceIt is important to highlight the work of other profiles, such as when reproducing text with printers and publishers. graphs One of the increasingly complex scientists printer Erhard Ratdault (considered the first publisher) Scientist of history) who, aware of the importance of representation and synthesis of mathematical examples through graphicism, first produced Euclid’s Elements in Latin in 1482, dealing with the great structural difficulties of geometric diagrams.

There is also the editor Johannes Oporinus who knew how to apply the woodcuts he made to edit Vesalius’s De Humani Corporis Fabrica, which was published in 1543. Vesalius’ work was the first modern anatomy based on models of human corpses; The first complete study of the parts of the human body and their structure, which allowed to refute dozens of Galen’s structural theories.

It should be added that it is also important to recognize graphs Robert Hooke made in his work Micrographia, published in 1665, the first best-seller of scientific popularity and named “Cell”, when Hooke observed the pores of a cork sheet with an optical microscope, which reminded him of monasteries. of small monastic cells. today his graphs The tiny bodies continue to amaze the scientific community and provide useful data.

On the other hand, they are also valuable graphs From Marie Curie’s lab notebook, some very simple graphs that accompany historical observations of the first stages of nuclear physics. It is noteworthy that Marie Curie’s notebooks are still radioactive, and in order to be able to consult them, the French National Library obliges the researcher to sign a consent because he knows these documents are radioactive and the BNF requires it. is not responsible for results that may affect the researcher; And proceed to consultation with a specialized suit.

Similarly, the annotation of the first record in Alexander Fleming’s notebooks with the help of discovering the medical use of penicillin, one of the most important milestones of the 20th century, is also interesting. Without a doubt, they are also under investigation by Santiago Ramón y Cajal and Camilo Golgi, which led to him receiving the Nobel Prize. medicineFor his contributions to neuron theory, which would demonstrate that the nervous system is not a simple connected tissue, but is structured by discrete cells, with extensions called axons and dendrites.

Following the branch of human anatomy, there are great scientific illustrators of the medical discipline from Titian’s studio, such as Jane Stefan van Kelker, who created graphs from De Humani Corporis Fabrica by Vesalius; Nicholas Henry Jacob Who Made The Incredible graphs From the structural atlas of Jean-Baptiste Marc Bourgery in the 19th century, or already in the 20th century by Dr. Frank H. Netter, a painter recognized for his work for pharmaceuticals and medical luminaries. he is also the author of graphs Most Consulted Physical Atlas by Students of medicine From the 70’s.

Another scientific example is Georges Lematre’s graph representing the temporal evolution of the radius of the universe along with the cosmological constant for a space of positive curvature. one of the first graphs His studies on the primitive atom (popularly known as the Big Bang theory) devoted to the origin of the universe from the point of view of quantum physics. In this curve we can see that all models start with a singularity (x = 0, t = 0) and how the universe expands for a sufficiently large cosmological constant.

Last but not least, there are graphs by entomology pioneer Maria Civila Merian, who refuted that insects do not arise spontaneously from rotting soil. Civila created a series of rigorous field notebooks, providing annotations and honesty graphs Which led him to excellently document the metamorphosis of butterflies. and this too graphs Ornithologist and painter John James Audubon, a pioneer of ornithology in America, who devoted much of his career to creating an inventory of North American bird species.

Scientific illustration book is conceived as which festival? science, which assumes the importance that it should be understandable and accessible to the general public, and that scientific illustration also plays a major role in this equation; accurately depicts a visual journey through the history of science Through graphs As an example scientific milestones which are an important element for its understanding.

Source consulted here.

World Nation News Desk
World Nation News Deskhttps://worldnationnews.com/
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