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The Amazon is plunged into a crisis or point of no return due to high rates of deforestation and erosion. This situation is not a future scenario, but a pre-existing state in some areas of the region. Countries such as Brazil and Bolivia account for 90% of the combined deforestation and degradation, which is understood as disturbance to the forest. As a result, savannaification, a process that leads an ecosystem to become plains with few trees or far away., According to the report, is already happening in both the countries Amazon in front of the clock: a regional diagnostic on where and how to protect 80% by 2025Released this Monday at the V Amazon Summit of Indigenous Peoples, organized by the Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations for the Amazon Basin (COICA), in Lima, Peru.
Continuing research by Amazonian indigenous leaders and researchers addresses the problem nationally in nine countries in the basin and shows that 34% of the Brazilian Amazon has entered a process of transformation, as has 24% of the Bolivian Amazon. It is followed by Ecuador at 16%, Colombia at 14% and Peru at 10%, the countries with the highest rates. Similarly, savannas are already a reality in the southeast of the region, mainly in Brazil and Bolivia. Both nations share invasion or subjugation as the main reason for deforestation. This problem places the states and their legal framework at the center of the solution.
The Amazon is on the verge of “irreversible destruction of ecosystems” because of the high rates of forest loss and disturbance, combined, already reaching 26% of the area. However, the remaining 74%, 629 million hectares of priority areas still stand and need immediate protection. The Amazon Georeferenced Socioenvironmental Information Network (RAISG) treats the Amazon as an integral ecosystem covering a research area of 847 million hectares. “Without knowing it, we eat, transport and wear products that destroy Amazon. We can’t afford to lose another hectare. Amazon’s future is everyone’s responsibility,” Stand.Earth representative Alicia Guzmán, who is part of the “Amazon for Life” coalition.
According to the National Institute for Space Research, which relies on Brazil’s space agency, in the past 30 days, 31,513 fire alerts have been recorded via satellite in the Amazon, making last August the worst since 2010, when the entire country The quantity of burns in the state was 45,018. month. The President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, suggested that the increase in fires was caused by natural events or indigenous communities, as he revealed in an interview Globo TV Last 22 August.
“In Brazil we are seeing a government with an anti-indigenous state policy that tries to legitimize, in every possible way, what is illegal. The unbridled destruction of our ancestral regions in the north of the country, our Amazon And greed is the direct face of the historic violation of rights we have been subject to for decades,” said Nara Bare, former coordinator of indigenous organizations. of the Brazilian Amazon.
RAISG. According to the same report developed from 2021 by —with data from 1985 to 2020—the animal industry is the biggest driver of deforestation in the Amazon. Deforestation due to animal husbandry in the Amazon rainforest accounts for about 2% of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions annually. most farming Occurs in Brazil in the world.
Research also suggests that 66% of the Amazon is subject to some sort of fixed or permanent pressure. It indicates that where there is a strong state presence there are danger and pressure or “legal” drivers and where there is a weak government presence, there are “illegal” drivers. Indigenous areas and not protected areas outside this reality. “block” oil tankers, hydroelectric plants and Mines are planned throughout the Amazon. Current legal frameworks create conditions for states to grant licenses in intact forests or indigenous areas without the free, prior and informed consent of the population living in the region,” the document states.
Another fact that is not insignificant, present in the report, is that between 2015 and the first half of 2019, 232 indigenous community leaders were killed in the region due to land and natural resources disputes., This trend continued in 2020. Whereas, in 2021, a third of all violations reported in the US were against defenders of the rights of environmental, regional and indigenous peoples. Due to the alarming state of violence in the region, last July, the European Parliament adopted a resolution condemning the human rights policies of the President of Brazil and condemning the increasing violence against human rights defenders, indigenous peoples, minorities and journalists in Brazil, Including murder. Dom Phillips and Bruno Pereira.
,There is a direct link between the destruction of our home and the killings of indigenous leaders, defenders of our territories. We have reaffirmed that recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples of the Amazon Basin is an immediate solution to protect 80% of the Amazon. We must all act in unity, and we must do it before 2025″, said Jose Gregorio Díaz Mirabal, indigenous leader and general coordinator of COICA.