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Tuesday, February 7, 2023

Cardinal Cisneros’ dreaded illness that ushered in the Golden Age of Spanish Medicine

“Forsaken all the doctors,” as his biographer and secretary put it, Cardinal Cisneros was about to die in Granada in 1501 because of the ineffectiveness of the physicists of catholic king, Interestingly, it was a Moorish healer, with a few poultices, “without purgation or bleeding”, who managed to cure the “great and dangerous” illness of the Archbishop of Toledo, who a week later was already He was riding his horse. This experience would be decisive so that soon the founder of Complutense asked Rome for papal authorization. Degree tally in Medicine at the new University of Alcalá,

The traumatic episode acted as a catalyst A Medical Revolution Led by the Hispanic Monarchy In the 16th century and this would create a generation of gold. its promoters, such as Cisneros himself, who promoted scholarship for students without resources, or philosophers juan luis vives who called for the modernization of healthcare through the incorporation of public institutions in the administration of hospitals and the professionalization of doctors, therapists and nurses in their work, drew from humanistic notions, from concepts such as dignity and technology,

“The first represents an ethic of humanism that places the individual at the center of himself and society. The second includes science: study, observation, analysis and conclusions. In other words, the humanistic method,” he summarizes. Gonzalo Gomez Garcia In heal the body and save the soul,

Medicine recipe book of the apothecary Fernando de Carcassonne (1564)

The work of Professor of Ancient and Medieval History at the University of Francisco de Vitoria and Honorary Professor-Researcher of Modern History at the University of Alcalá de Henares, which joins the Fundación Banco Santander Fundamental Histories collection, is a novel X-ray, with documentation unpublished, on the development of medicine in Spain and America in the 16th century, when Modern hospitals with group work structure built: Doctors, surgeons, nurses and apothecaries.

After a century characterized by a shortage of doctors – Jews and Arabs, expelled by decree or by force of arms, had kept the tradition alive – and aided by rudimentary hospitals directed by charity, the city of Complutense became a kind of epicenter of renewal, both for its Due to the university, where future doctors were trained in arts and philosophy before starting their practice with the poor – see the case of some, francisco valles de covarrubiasOne of the brightest of this unique generation, in his case would end up as the Doctors of the King’s Chamber Felipe II—, according to Antezana Hospital.

[La olvidada epopeya del español que conquistó el ‘Far West’ americano]

The institution had summer and winter nursing rooms for women and men, a dissection room, an apothecary, water baths to soothe, kitchens, a cemetery, a soup kitchen, a chapel open to worship, the chaplain’s room , bedrooms for nurses, conference rooms and even heavy evangelism, such as Ignatius of Loyola who worked as an assistant before inaugurating the Society of Jesus.

pioneering work

Highly commended by one of the nurses, Venerable Carmelite Francisco del Niño Jesús lope de vegaThree camels were taken to the hospital and organized performances to entertain mourners Humble, turn their sorrows into laughter. This was another innovation of that era. Even the Alcalá Corral de Comedias, the oldest in Spain, had an agreement to donate part of the proceeds from tickets to the Antezana Hospital.

But this model, perfected with the inclusion of anatomy and surgery chairs or authorization for dissection of cadavers, was exported overseas. In the American viceroyalties, a network of hospitals was created – general and Indian, to deal with the great European epidemics – and universities – at the height of the 1640s no other European power had even established an educational center – which promoted humanistic training. Gave; and also Enriched the Spanish Pharmacopoeia Thanks for the knowledge of new indigenous medicines.

Spanish doctors of this special golden age Published first work and unique preview in psychology, urology, pharmacy, anatomy, surgery, nephrology or epidemiology. obstetrician John alonso de fontechaFor example, was the author of Ten Privileges for Pregnant Women, a tremendous work in which he protected all pregnant women from any condition. He wrote, “Everything that man is capable of, she is, and more than that, she can conceive.”

Speaking of women, appeared there in the 16th century first nurses who didn’t wear habits: They were women, single, married or religious who were learning a trade, a profession. Isabel Rodriguez was on Diego Columbus’ first American expeditions and hernan cortes, They made tourniquets, applied hot oil and water as ointments that acted as anti-inflammatory. But whose name is the first documented salary of a nurse in Alcalá in 1576 Maria Martinez, Surprisingly, they were paid at par with men.

World Nation News Desk
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