Carlos III is a practicing Christian and also a very spiritual person, interested in the rest of the religions of his country, such as Islam or Hinduism. With his accession to the throne, the emperor received the title of “defender of the faith”, which was ironically bestowed in his day by the Pope. Henry VIIIand assumed the position of supreme governor of the Anglican Church of England that his mother, with a clear religious sentiment, held for more than half a century.
The full titles of the queen were “Elizabeth II, by the grace of God, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of its other territories and territories, head of the commonwealth and protector of the faith.
In addition, Elizabeth took an oath to uphold and support the Scottish Presbyterian Church the day after her accession to the throne. The context and the religious ties that are unimaginable today between the titles and traditions of the kings of Spain, but it reminds us of how deeply royal and religious power are in the history of the islands until recently. Carlos wants to change something.
The new king has made it clear that he sees himself not only as the head of the national church at a time when the United Kingdom has an increasingly multicultural scene, an ugly word here, but as a defender of the faith in general. more, which, in addition to referring to the title of Pope, means that he wants to be the sovereign of all Britons.
During an interview in 1994, Carlos expressed that it is necessary to recognize that he has changed. Britain’s Religious Nature, and, in an interview with bbc radio 2 In 2015, faced with the possibility that this would result in his resignation as formal head of the Anglican Church of England, he had to explain that «it always seemed to me that, at the same time a defender of the faith, He can also be the protector of religions.”
from supreme chief to governor
These changes, which some consider inevitable, would mean a break with 500 years of history. Since a dispute initiated by Henry VIII over the occasion of his desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon, the King of England has become the head and supreme governor of England. church of england, one of the 42 autonomous churches that today form part of the Anglican Communion. Enrique wanted with this measure to unite national power with religious power, as well as control the bishops and theologians of his state’s universities and avoid ecclesiastical barriers that prevented his marriage. anna speak, In 1534, by Act of Supremacy Parliament declared that the King was “the only supreme head in the lands of the Church of England”.
Henry, who earned the title of defender of the faith because of his zeal fight heresyOvernight he became a great promoter of the Protestant movement in his country. This meant the persecution of Catholics, the confiscation of properties belonging to religious orders, and forced conversions, at least the majority of its population was facing the gallery. With the exception of a few rulings, such as Mary I, Catholicism was seen not only as an illegal cult, but as synonymous with being a bad Englishman.
The reign of Elizabeth I, which changed the title of supreme head to “supreme governor”, began by re-establishing the new creed’s mandatory attendance at religious services. In case of failure, the punishment ranged from whipping to death. The state promoted a system of censure by which those who did not condemn their neighbors could end up in prison. This caused frequent conflicts between the English kings and most Catholic monarchs of Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, i.e., Spanish Monarchy, which became a black beast of Anglicans. Protestant propaganda drew its ink against both the Pope and the Spanish. This opened a wound that until recently, the two opposing countries have not been able to close.
However, the Anglican targets were not only Catholics, but also Calvinists, Quakers, Baptists, Congregationalists, Lutherans, Mennonites, and other religious groups, who in most cases were forced to flee to America. only in time Stuart Charles II Over 13,000 Quakers were imprisoned and their property confiscated by the Crown.
A whole range of alleged conspiracies organized by religious minorities, always delusional and based on rumours, justify periodic intense repression to the Crown. The Great Fire of London of 1666 It was blamed on the Catholics and a new persecution was started. The Catholic conspiracy attributed to Titus Oates between 1678 and 1681 led to other brutal victims. In parallel with these events, Ireland used Catholicism as a form of resistance to English rule. It is estimated that a third of Ireland’s population suffered the fatal consequences of Ireland’s participation in the Civil War of 1636 between English monarchists and Republicans.
a symbolic role
Although the Sovereigns of England have traditionally held the title of Supreme Governor of the Church of England, in practice it is the Archbishop of Canterbury who practically controls the primacy of the Church of England and who holds the communion of all the different Anglican churches. presides over. in the world. As various Anglican religious communities split off from England, starting with the United States, they created their own national churches and chose their own earthly leaders. Interestingly, the greatest number of Anglican believers today are not found in United Kingdom, But in Nigeria, with over 17 million believers. Parisians have a large fishing pool in countries such as Uganda, Sudan, Australia, Kenya, the United States, Tanzania, Caribbean countries, Canada and New Zealand.
Already in 1563, the House of Anglican archbishops, bishops, deans, archdeacons made it clear that the kings of their nation had no right to “represent the word of God, or the sacraments”, implying that the governor was supreme. There is no right to preach or prescribe theology. The British monarch’s religious role has, since then, been more symbolic than real in a community that has baptized up to 100 million today. Anglican Communion, The Sovereign is the one who appoints the Archbishop of Canterbury and other high officials, but he does so on the advice of the Prime Minister, who is in turn advised through committees appointed by the Church. In any case, the Archbishop, at present Justin WelbyIt is only a primus interspecies of other primates.
Elizabeth II, like her predecessors, strictly adhered to this point. His religious mission as patron and earthly head of the Church was to protect the prestige and authority of the tenets of his faith. This included representation of the Church and, above all, ensuring that the royal family was exemplary with respect to religious norms. It is ironic that when his relatives like him, he had to face dire situations. sister margaret Or his son Carlos showed an intention to divorce, because, not far from the time of Henry VIII, the most recent Anglican Englishwoman was against so easily severing the sacred ties between husband and wife.