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Thursday, March 23, 2023

Carrie Gibson: “There is a profound change among Hispanics regarding beliefs” – Alpha Y Omega

Carey Gibson has spent more than 15 years as a historian focused on the Caribbean, specifically the Spanish-speaking islands, namely Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. “I studied them for my doctoral thesis, focusing on the impact of the Haitian Revolution on those three islands,” he explains. “Therefore I am deeply interested in the times of imperialism and revolution. but my book Answer This includes the 20th century and the present.”

This is my second pillar of interest. I grew up in a city that was transformed by the arrival of Mexicans in the 1990s at the time of the North American Free Trade Agreement. I write in the book about its creative impact on my education. If I speak Spanish it is because I have had the opportunity to learn the language with native speakers. It was my introduction to this history and the diverse cultures of Latin America.

However, he is not Hispanic.
But I’m the granddaughter of Italian grandparents and I’m very interested in the difference between treating Italians – who are more or less seen as people blanca and is considered part of the culture of the United States—and given to Hispanics or Latinos, who often suffer from the opposite.

What are the reasons leading mainstream historiography to ignore the Hispanic heritage of North American identity?
Professional historiography as we understand it is a relatively recent development. In the United States at the end of the 19th century, prominent professional historians gathered at New England universities such as Harvard or Yale. They were geographically distant from Hispanic centers, such as Santa Fe (New Mexico) or San Antonio (Texas), and also in terms of mentality.

black legend?
That was the shadow of the dark legend that haunted Ivy League colleges. New England was at the center of the idea of ​​the United States and its Protestant destiny. From this point of view it was easy to overlook the events and Hispanic contribution to the formation of the United States.


Journalist by training, essayist and historian by profession, his interest in small islands inspired him to enter the Caribbean universe. The result was a book on Caribbean history that is now followed Answer,

What is turning point?
Herbert Bolton’s intervention in the 1920s was decisive in changing the narrative. Bolton was a professor at the University of Berkeley in California, and from there he realized that too long a history had been overlooked by his colleagues for decades. He saw the impossibility of studying the history of the United States without knowledge of the Hispanic past. Their imprint is considered in a plethora of current studies. Now the topic is more popular and known, but much more can be done.

Is the trend correct?
Things are changing, but not quickly. There is a lot of public interest in this story, but at the same time a lot of Hispanics are being treated poorly. Hispanics or Latinos were also considered more recent immigrants, a stereotype far from reality. Anyway, in terms of history practice, it has grown a lot.

It shows up in universities.
Universities have departments or research centers for the study of the Latin world, including the United States. There are many studies on this history and on the community present in subjects such as sociology, as well as history. But often there is still a long gap between the past and the present.

What role did and what role did the Catholic faith play in American Hispanic heritage?
In general, the Catholic faith provided an impetus to colonize the Americas, didn’t it?

In the context of the historical setting, for example, we attribute the existence of the California Mission to the priestly orders. However, in American terms, in the past the Catholicism of the Spanish was not as important as the faith of Italian, Irish or Polish immigrants.

Not to mention hostility towards Catholics and immigrants.
There were movements in the 19th century that targeted Catholics and immigrants. And of course, Spaniards and Hispanics were cut from the same cloth with respect to their religion.

Some continue to associate Catholicism with poverty and Protestantism with economic development in the United States. Isn’t American history a bit more complicated?
Sure, but I think this association is quite out of date now. First, there is a recent recognition that immigrants to Latin America work hard and work in difficult or poorly paid jobs, contrary to the stereotype of laziness pervasive for all Hispanic Catholics. Second, with regard to belief in the Hispanic community, a significant population of Hispanic Protestants, particularly Evangelicals, undergo profound changes.

Such churches can be found in many parts of the United States.
They represent many forms of Protestantism and often have signs in Spanish to attract people. There is a historical association with Catholicism and the Spanish-speaking world, but the reality is now changing. I was born Catholic and I remember well that in the 1990s a mass in Spanish by newly arrived Mexicans. Now, there are several Protestant churches with Hispanic congregations in the same city. But, on another level, yes, the idea of ​​a Protestant work ethic isn’t dying: it’s still part of the national imagination about the formation of the country in the United States.


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Carrie Gibson: &Quot;There Is A Profound Change Among Hispanics Regarding Beliefs&Quot; - Alpha Y Omega

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