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Saturday, July 2, 2022

CDC Advisory 5 . recommend COVID-19 shots for children under

NEW YORK ( Associated Press) – US health advisories on Saturday recommended COVID-19 vaccines for infants, toddlers and preschoolers – the last group without shots.

Advisors from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention unanimously decided that coronavirus vaccines should be made available to children under 6 months of age, providing protection against hospitalizations, death, and potential long-term complications that still remain evident. do not understand from.

“We have made a big step forward today,” said Dr. Oliver Brooks, one of the members of the advisory panel.

The final signoff was expected later in the day from CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Valensky. While the Food and Drug Administration curates vaccines, it is the CDC that decides who should receive them.

The government is gearing up for the introduction of shots early next week, with millions of doses ordered for distribution to doctors, hospitals and community health clinics across the country. Roughly 18 million children would be eligible.

Many families are concerned for officials to approve vaccines for young children, saying they have long avoided bringing their children to birthday parties and other celebrations because they were not vaccinated.

“Parents will breathe a sigh of relief knowing these vaccines will be available very soon,” said Dr. Jack Resnek, president of the American Medical Association, in a statement.

Still, it remains to be seen how many people will eventually get the vaccines. Less than a third of children aged 5 to 11 have done so since vaccination opened last November.

Here are some things to know:

How are they available?

Two brands — Pfizer and Moderna — got the green light from the FDA on Friday and an advisory panel on Saturday. Vaccines use the same technology but are being offered in different dosage sizes and numbers of shots for the youngest children.

The Pfizer vaccine is available for 6 months to 4 years. The dosage is one-tenth of the adult dose, and three shots are needed. The first two are given a gap of three weeks, and the last at least two months later.

Moderna is two shots, each one-fourth of the adult dose, given about four weeks apart for children ages 6 months to 5. The FDA has also approved a third dose for children with the immune condition that makes them, at least one month after the second shot. More vulnerable to serious illness.

In studies, vaccinated youth developed the same levels of virus-fighting antibodies as young adults, suggesting that child-sized doses protect against coronavirus infection.

However, it’s hard to tell exactly how well they work, especially when it comes to the Pfizer vaccine.

Two doses of Moderna appeared to be about 40% effective in preventing minor infections at a time when the Omicron variant was causing most of the COVID-19 illnesses. Pfizer presented study information suggesting the company saw 80% with its three shots. But the Pfizer data was so limited — and based on so few cases — that experts and federal officials say they don’t think there’s a reliable estimate yet.

Should my little ones get vaccinated?

Yes, according to CDC advisors. While COVID-19 has been most dangerous for older adults, younger people, including children, can also become very ill.

Hospitalizations increased during the omicron wave. Since the start of the pandemic, nearly 480 children under the age of 5 have been counted in the country’s more than 1 million COVID-19 deaths, federal data shows.

“It is worth vaccinating, even though the number of deaths is relatively rare, because these deaths can be prevented through vaccination,” said Dr Matthew Daly, a Kaiser Permanente Colorado researcher who sits on the advisory committee.

Which vaccine should my child get?

One of these, says Dr. Peter Marks, the FDA’s vaccine chief.

“Whatever vaccine your health care provider, the pediatrician has, I will give to my child,” Marks said Friday.

The supplements haven’t been tested against each other, so experts say there’s no way to tell if one is better.

One thought: Pfizer’s three-shot series takes about three months to complete, but just one month for Moderna’s two-shots. That’s why families eager to quickly protect the kids want Moderna.

Who’s giving the shots?

Pediatricians, other primary care physicians and children’s hospitals are planning to make vaccines available. Limited drug stores will offer them for at least some under-5 group.

US officials expect most shots to take place in pediatricians’ offices. White House COVID-19 coordinator Dr Ashish Jha said many parents may be more comfortable getting the vaccine for their children from their regular doctor. He predicted that the pace of vaccination would be much slower than in the older population.

“We are going to see vaccination in a few weeks and potentially in a few months,” Jha said.

Can children get other vaccines at the same time?

It is common for young children to have more than one vaccine when they visit the doctor.

In the study of Moderna and Pfizer shots in infants and children, other vaccinations were not given at the same time, so there are no data on possible side effects if this occurs.

But problems have not been identified in older children or adults when COVID-19 shots and other vaccinations were given together, and the CDC is advising that it is safe for younger children as well.

What if my child recently had COVID-19?

About three-quarters of children of all ages are estimated to be infected at some point. For older people, the CDC recommends getting vaccinated anyway to reduce the chance of re-infection.

Experts have noted reinfection in previously infected people and say the highest level of protection is in people who have been vaccinated and already infected.

The CDC has said that people may consider waiting about three months after getting vaccinated for the infection.

Associated Press reporter Zeke Miller in Washington contributed.

The Associated Press Department of Health and Science receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. Associated Press is solely responsible for all content.

World Nation News Desk
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