China has steadily increased its electricity generation over the past 20 years, which is 7. has reached,1 in 2020. to 600 terawatt hours (TWh),280 TWh in 2000, According to country report US Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently updated. Despite COVID-19 mitigation efforts in 2020, China still increased its electricity generation by 5% that year.
China is increasing the share of non-fossil fuels in its electricity generation, but coal remains a major source. In 2020, China generated 4,775 TWh from coal-fired power plants, accounting for 63% of Chinese electricity generation. In 2000, coal accounted for 77% of China’s electricity generation (992 TWh).
In the intervening 20 years, non-fossil fuels, including hydro, wind and solar production, accounted for 27% (2,058 TWh) of China’s production mix, up from 17% (221 TWh) in 2000. Solar has been the fastest growing source of production, with an average increase of 43% each year from 2015 to 2020. Solar power accounted for 6% of Chinese electricity generation in 2020.
to reduce emissions
In 2021, the Chinese government released its 14th Five-Year Plan (2021–2025) for the National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China. The plan sets out China’s strategy for industry planning and policy by 2025 and prioritizes China’s low-carbon and carbon-neutral initiatives. The plan sets several goals, including:
- Achieve their target of peak carbon emissions by 2030, after which they aim to reduce carbon emissions.
- Be carbon neutral by 2060
- To achieve 39% share of non-fossil fuels for electricity generation by 2025
Despite the carbon target in China’s five-year plan, coal will continue to be an important fuel in China’s electric power sector in the near future. In total, China has approved 46.1 GW of coal-fired power plant projects in 2020. However, natural gas is replacing some of the coal-fired capacity in eastern China, where electricity demand is higher than in the rest of the country, and the northeastern region, where strict environmental regulations reduce coal-fired power generation. have make.
With a population of 1.4 billion people in 2020, China remains the most populous country in the world and its economy is growing rapidly. Our data shows that in 2020, China produced more energy and consumed more energy than any other country. The EIA expects Chinese energy demand to continue to grow.