Friday, March 1, 2024

CICYTEX presents developments in adapting cork oak cultivation to climate change

The Sinergex study, led by the Scientific and Technological Research Center of Extremadura (Cicytex), concluded with improvements in the adaptation of cork oak planting to climate change.

Specifically, this project, born to promote sustainability and adaptation to climate change in the cork oak forests and pastures of Extremadura, ends with a battery of actions that “make it possible to achieve the development thanks to research and cooperation between companies, universities, research and citizens”.

Researchers from the Finca La Orden-Valdesequera Agricultural Research Institute and the Cork, Wood and Vegetable Charcoal Institute (ICMC), both centers included in CICYTEX, are working on this initiative, funded by the Government of Extremadura and the European Regional Fund Development (Feder). ), and which also has collaboration with the University of Extremadura and the Polytechnic University of Cartagena.

EXPERIMENT PLOT

As a result of this work, a cork oak experimental plot was designed, which includes ICTs and is committed to energy efficiency using solar energy. A plantation, located at the ICMC facilities in Mérida, is available for the development of the future projects with companies and other research entities, as reported by the Government of Extremadura in a press release.

The study, carried out in a cooperative farm located in Alburquerque, confirmed “the loss of soil fertility and the reduction of microbial activity associated with the abandonment of pastures without the use of animals,” and concluded that the practices such as crop improvement and the sustainable use of livestock allow greater fertility and better soil structure.

Therefore, in a context of major climatic limitations such as those that occurred in the last two years, the improvement of pastures by planting grasses and/or phosphorus fertilization, with the use of livestock through regenerative grazing, proved to be a suitable combination. .for system conservation, as well as a potential tool for climate change adaptation.

These improved practices “made it possible to double the pasture production of the study farm and improve its quality, increasing its crude protein content,” said the regional Executive.

COLLABORATION AND DISCLOSURE

Therefore, within Sinergex, eight collaboration agreements have been signed with universities, private entities and other projects, and continuity is given to the Red Ibérica platform for the Transfer of Knowledge and Innovation, which connects the entities from Spain and Portugal. .

At the dissemination level, a technical booklet was published to guide cork oak forest managers in decision making and free access articles were created aimed at the scientific-technical community.

In addition, at the beginning of the project, the Sinergex-Dehesa Sostenible blog was created, with information on the progress of the research tests.

World Nation News Desk
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