Sunday, February 25, 2024

COP28 fully entered into the discussion of the future of l

Dubai, United Arab Emirates

The COP has made an annual assessment of the fight against climate change since 2015, when the Paris Agreement was signed, and in the words of the president of the event, the Emirati Sultan al Jaber, this edition can be done. “the one who changed the rules of the game.”

A new draft, 27 pages long, was published at noon, with several options on what to do with oil, gas and coal, fossil fuels mainly responsible for the emission of greenhouse gases.

The “abandonment” or “reduction” of the use of these energy sources is the fundamental problem of the final declaration, which the ministers must conclude next Tuesday.

There is a third option on the table, even more controversial, that does not involve these fuels.

“This latest draft shows that we are no closer to leaving the fossil fuels. But what that transition looks like will be an uphill battle in the coming days,” explained Romain Ioulalen of Oil Change International.

Loss fossil fuels They play a significant role in inflation in rich countries, and contribute greatly to the economic development of poor countries.

Finish the homework

“I beg you to finish the task,” asked the president COP28Sultan Al Jaber, this Friday, at the opening of the new plenary meeting.

Decisions are made by consensus at UN conferences of parties (COPs).

Jaber distributed the task between today and Tuesday in four working groups, led by two ministers of the country, which must receive proposals from the participants.

One of them, the climate change adaptation group, is co-chaired by Chile and Australia, and is an illustration of the difficulties of the task.

The world set goals two years ago on the issue of adaptation that did not appear in the draft, due to deep differences at the technical level.

“What happened was that there was no substantive discussion, in other words, they couldn’t sit down and look at the text, to discuss what part they liked, what they didn’t like, what could be improved…” he explained. the Chilean Minister of Media. Environment, Maisa Rojas, to AFP.

China and the US are playing

“You always have to pay attention to what the major protagonists are talking about,” Jennifer Allan, an expert on climate negotiations at the Earth Negotiations Bulletin, explained to the press.

In Dubai, the relationship between the US and China marked the majority of the negotiation environment. The European Union has an ambitious attitude on most issues.

China and the United States met last month and agreed that “the deployment of renewable energy should be sufficiently accelerated (…) to accelerate the replacement of electricity production from coal, oil and gas. ” gas”.

That is to say, that a possibility of the agreement of the declaration of COP28 can link the fate of those fossil fuels to increase the production of energy from renewables.

This will include tripling the installed capacity of renewable energy between now and 2030, and doubling energy efficiency.

“We have to be fair. We have to be equitable. We have to be orderly and responsible in the energy transition,” declared Jaber.

One of the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement is to achieve zero greenhouse gas emissions neutrality (emissions equal to retentions) by 2050.

the COP28 It was happily opened on November 30, when everyone agreed to launch a damage and loss fund in favor of the countries most affected by climate change.

  • The launch of this fund is being negotiated for just one year, and could start in 2024 with an initial $700 million.
World Nation News Desk
World Nation News Desk
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