The UN climate summit (COP28) held in Dubai will focus starting today on the negotiation of an agreement to stop the climate crisis and global warming, with the dangerous issue of phasing out fossil fuels as a matter where the parties are the farthest.
In these last 48 hours of the 28th edition of the climate summit, there was only negotiation, after the organization decided to reserve the last two official days of the meeting to debate the final resolution.
There are no talks, conferences, round tables, or high-level meetings in the blue zone reserved for delegations and organizations officially accredited to the climate meeting, although reports will be presented and there will be press conferences.
The national and organizational pavilions spread over the Expo 2020 Dubai site are in the hands of officials busy analyzing and polishing texts while chief negotiators exchange bilateral, group, and plenary meetings.
An ambitious agreement to abandon fossil fuels
In the last few hours, the tone of public statements by all involved has hardened significantly regarding the possibility that Dubai will come out with a “special and unprecedented” climate agreement, as the president of Dubai just two days ago. COP28, Sultan al Jaber, at the start of the last week of deliberations.
Al Yaber then stated that his proposals for the agreement received “positive responses” and predicted that at this COP28 a “result as ambitious as possible” will be achieved in his language regarding the abandonment of fossil fuels, one of the central issues in the climate debate.
There is more disagreement than consensus
This Sunday the tone became more bitter and he acknowledged that “there are more areas of opposition than agreement,” so he urged everyone to work “faster, harder” and be “flexible.”
On this same day, Al Yaber announced a change in the dynamics of the meeting to sit the ministers and heads of mission “under one roof”, and in a circle, to “find points of the meeting and facilitating negotiations.”
Al Jaber asked negotiators to go to that meeting “prepared with solutions, ready to be flexible and accept compromises,” and without prepared statements or predetermined positions.
The end of fossil fuels?
That only confirms the uncertainty weighing on whether the climate meeting will finally close with a clear message about the end – or beginning of the end – of fossil fuels, one of the central issues of the climate debate and, without a doubt, the one that aroused the most attention in this summit in Dubai.
The European Union, the United States and many developing countries and island states maintain that a declaration in this regard is essential; China, Russia, India, or Saudi Arabia, on the contrary.
In this framework, the meeting awaits the hours of negotiations behind closed doors and “circles” of ministers, as well as specific press conferences, “off the record” meetings, and other actions of media where parties vent their frustrations and try to draw lines. of the agreement, and discussion inside and outside the rooms.
Environmentalists and “lobbyists” from the private sector, who are very numerous in Dubai, will also press their messages, growing stronger and more determined in recent hours. There are also draft agreements that everyone in the meeting reviews, literally down to the last comma.