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Sunday, December 04, 2022

COVID: Up to 72% increase in new diagnoses of type 1 diabetes among young people

COVID: Up to 72% increase in new diagnoses of type 1 diabetes among young people

A new study analyzed the electronic health records of more than 1 million patients aged 18 and under Children infected with covid.

A significantly increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes has been shown. In a study published today in Jama Network Open Magazine Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine report that children and adolescents who contracted COVID-19 were more likely to develop diabetes type 1 in the subsequent six months.

According to the CDC, approximately 187,000 children and adolescents under the age of 20 Living with the disease in the United States.

Type 1 diabetes is rare, which is why it was analyzed in the COVID study.

Pamela Davis, Distinguished University Professor and Arline H. and Curtis F. Garvin Research Professor Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, The corresponding author of the study mentioned that type 1 diabetes is considered an autoimmune disease.

“This occurs primarily because the body’s immune defenses attack insulin-producing cells, which inhibit insulin production and cause disease. It has been suggested that COVID enhances autoimmune responsesAnd our current finding reinforces that suggestion.”

Facts about COVID and type 1 diabetes

Recorded diagnoses of nearly 1.1 million patients 18 years of age and younger in the United States and 13 other countries SARS-CoV-2 infection.

This was between March 2020 and December 2021. It was divided into two groups: patients up to 9 years old and patients between 10 and 18 years old.

Out of these, 571 thousand patients, within six months after infection SARS-CoV2, 123 patients (0.043%) A new diagnosis of type 1 diabetes was obtained, compared with 72 patients (0.025%) who received a new diagnosis after a respiratory infection but did not have covid.

“Families at high risk for type 1 diabetes in their children should be especially alert to the symptoms of post-COVID diabetes, and pediatricians should be alert to the influx of new cases of type 1 diabetes.” should, especially the Omicron version spread so rapidly among kids,” Davis said.

“It is possible that in the coming months we will see a substantial increase in this disease.”

With information from Medical Express.

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