Cubans, with 66.87 percent of the vote in a referendum, approved a new family code that legalizes marriage and same-sex adoption and surrogacy. Which puts the Caribbean island in the forefront of Latin America in this matter. The results, released this Monday, are bitter for the Cuban government, which saw a victory for the option it had fought tirelessly for in the weeks before the referendum, but with Very high rate of dissent (26 percent abstain and 33 percent vote against) compared to the last referendum on the island, President Miguel Diaz-Canel rated as a result “Another Victory of Socialist Construction”
“Today we have more rights in Cuba”
“With the approval of that code, we have more rights in Cuba today. It was a vote for Cuba, it was a yes for Cuba, it was a yes for revolution.”, according to the official newspaper Granma, assured the president. Díaz-Canel insisted that the “yes” victory was achieved “despite the context of the difficult economic and social and energy conditions with migrant movements”, “due to the scope of, apart from, understandable discrepancies in some issues”. Code they were contacted.”
A video posted on Twitter by the Cuban president shows Diaz-Canel applauding the country’s other officials, as well as during a meeting, learning about the results of the consultations. Also on that social network the President wrote: “Approving the Family Code is Doing Justice, It is paying off the debt of several generations of Cuban men and women whose family projects have been waiting for this legislation for years. From today we will be a better nation.”
— Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez (@DiazCanelB) September 26, 2022
According to the National Electoral Council (CEN), 6,251,786 voters exercised their franchise, which is equal to 74.01 percent of the register, Of the total 5,891,705 valid votes, 3,936,790 were for Yes (66.87 per cent) and 1,950,090 votes (33.13 per cent). The law needs more than 50 percent support to be valid.,
the effect of the sentencing vote
Despite the result in favor of the code, participation was lower than those registered to ratify the new constitution in 2019, when it reached 90.15 percent. You This is the highest percentage of votes for the Cuban government.,
“There can also be a vote of punishment in the country”fessed up Diaz Canel For his part, a former Cuban diplomat and political analyst after the vote on Sunday Carlos Alzugaraya He acknowledged that the result has a positive side, approval of progressive legislation, but it should also be an alarm signal for the government.
Aljugare emphasized that Government lost “the mobilization capacity of the past”, despite “heavy publicity” from all Cuban institutions in recent weeks. In his opinion, a “significant part” of the population was not convinced by the government’s arguments for a “yes” vote and did not go to vote, “challenging the old Cuban principle that voting does not mark you”. And it can have consequences.
Cuban political scientists, for their part Rafael Hernandez I consider that “Code is an effective step towards social justice” and considered it to be “the most important piece of legislation in terms of human rights” since the beginning of the revolution.
It is a legal reform of the marginalization faced by homosexuals, which were followed on the island as state policy in the 1960s and 1970s, and whose discrimination was prohibited by the 2019 constitution. “And in the end we win! Cuba has a Family Code. The Road to Its Enforcement Begins”he said on twitter mekel gonzalez An activist and advocate for gay rights.
— Maykel González Vivero 🎯 (@MGVivero) September 26, 2022
Key Contributions of the New Code
The referendum on the Family Code was the first for any specific legislation and the third in general in Cuba since the victory of the Revolution in 1959.,
The wider text defines marriage as “between two people”, opening the door to same-sex marriage and adoption for same-sex couples. It also allows for the legal recognition of multiple fathers and mothers in addition to biological, as well as surrogacy, non-profits, adding other rights in favor of children, the elderly and the disabled.
,Our people chose a revolutionary, uplifting law that inspires us to achieve social justice For which we work every day. Today we are a better country with more rights,” said the External Affairs Minister. Bruno Rodriguez on your Twitter account.
The main opponents of the vote focused on both Catholic and Protestant Christian churches., The Conference of Catholic Bishops of Cuba this month criticized the so-called “gender ideology” that supports many of the precepts contained in the new law, such as same-sex marriage, assisted pregnancy and the possibility of a clinical procedure for minor gender change. can start.
Version 25 of the Family Code was widely consulted by the Cuban population in 79,000 meetings in neighborhoods and municipalities between February and April, before being approved in July this year by the National Assembly. It is the only project that went to a referendum among 70 legal rules updated as a result of the introduction of the new constitution, unlike other laws such as the Penal Code. It was published in the Official Gazette on 22nd July this year.