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Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Do we speak Castilian or Spanish?

One of the great linguistic controversies that divides those who raise this question is it is a question of whether we speak Castilian or Spanish and how we should treat a language that is spoken by more than half a billion people around the planet, which puts us in fourth place in the world ranking (after English, Chinese and Hindi).

Spanish and Castilian

In the current edition of the RAE Dictionary, we can find the following values ​​for the entries “Spanish” and “Castilian”:

  • Spanish: “A Romansh language spoken in Spain, most of the Americas, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea, and other parts of the world.”
  • Castellano: “Spanish, especially if you want to distinguish it from any other spoken language of Spain”, “Romance dialect originating from Castile, from which Spanish is mainly derived.”

You can usually find someone who explains that the difference between one name or another lies in the fact that Spanish is the language spoken throughout most of the American continent. because it is the language that the Spanish colonizers brought there and Castilian refers to the common official language spoken in the Spanish state, which originated in the Kingdom of Castile, a region considered to be the cradle of our language, and which has spread throughout the country (given that it coexists with other official languages). e.g. Catalan, Basque or Galician).

But this explanation is rejected by a large number of speakers and experts in the field, who refuse to make such a distinction, arguing that both terms They are synonyms and refer to the same language. it is common that we are talking about more than five hundred million people, whether we come from Spain or any other place where it is used, after the presence of the Spanish colonizers.

To know exactly which of the two regimes (Spanish or Castilian) is the correct name for our language, we can refer to the Pan-Spanish Dictionary of Doubt (published 2015) in which the Royal Academy of Languages ​​informs us as follows:

“To designate the common language of Spain and many peoples of the Americas, as well as the language spoken as their own language in other parts of the world, the terms Castilian and Spanish are valid. The dispute as to which of these names is more appropriate has now been overcome.. The term “Spanish” is more preferable as it lacks ambiguity, as it unambiguously refers to a language spoken by nearly four hundred million people today. Similarly, this denomination is used internationally (Spanish, Spanish, Spanish, Spagnolo, etc.). Although it is also synonymous with Spanish, it is preferable to reserve the term “Castilian” to refer to the Romance dialect that originated in the Kingdom of Castile during the Middle Ages, or the dialect of Spanish currently spoken in the region. In Spain, the Castilian name is also used to refer to the common language. states in relation to other official languages ​​in their respective autonomous territories, such as Catalan, Galician or Basque”.

World Nation News Desk
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