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Wednesday, December 07, 2022

Everything you need to know about ocular herpes zoster: symptoms, treatment, and complications

Everything you need to know about ocular herpes zoster: symptoms, treatment, and complications

ocular herpes


  • The smallpox virus is sleeping in our body, but becomes active again after years.


  • If the disease is not treated, it can continue to progress, manifesting itself as a corneal ulcer.


  • Herpes zoster has a low mortality rate, but its complications, especially postherpetic neuralgia, can cause disability.

Ringworm is a rash that appears as small blisters on the skinusually on the torso, although it can also appear on the abdomen, legs or face, and is caused by reactivation of the chickenpox virus. smallpox virus as if sleeping in our body, but After years it reactivates and herpes zoster infection appears.,

One of the existing types of herpes zoster is ophthalmic:

Symptoms

– Redness of the eye.

– Foreign body sensation.

– Constant tearing.

-Photophobia or sensitivity to light.

-Low vision if shingles affects the retinal area.

– Rash or swelling on the eyelids.

– If the herpes reaches the cornea, then the scars can be seen

If the disease is not treated May continue to progress manifesting as corneal ulcers, In more advanced stages, the herpes virus can seriously damage the cornea, even perforating it. It usually affects only one eye.

treatment

Once a diagnosis is made by an ophthalmologist, treatment will aim to treat the symptoms and prevent new episodes. For this, Adequate eye hygiene with physiological serum will be done daily and antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs will be prescribed,

In extreme cases, if ocular herpes has caused significant loss of vision due to damage to the cornea, a corneal transplant may be a solution.

Systemic treatment of herpes zoster shortens the healing process, preventing or relieving pain and other complications Acute or chronic, especially when administered within the first 72 hours of symptoms.

Complications

The most frequent complications of herpes zoster ophthalmicus are those affecting the eyelid skin (blepharitis) and/or the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis). Involvement of the cornea (keratitis) is most severe and can leave sequelae affecting vision. other thing, Intrauterine inflammation can produce sequelae such as cataracts or glaucoma and inflammation of the retina (retinitis) Can skip important sequences,

Although this type of shingles can have different results., Carmen suffered from this ringworm: “It affected my eyesight and I lost a lot of vision. Now I have monocular vision and my eyes are very tired,” he explained. “I would tell people suffering from this to go to the doctor immediately because you can prevent the nerve from being affected as it happened to me.”

The average duration of shingles is 2 to 4 weeks, It can be reduced if treatment is applied with the first symptoms. For this reason, it is very important to go to the doctor as soon as the pain starts or as soon as the first blisters appear.

Herpes zoster has a low mortality rate, but its complications, especially postherpetic neuralgia, can cause disability and affect the quality of life of people suffering from it, There is no cure for this disease, but it is preventable. For more information consult your doctor and visit the website www.virusherpeszoster.com.

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