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Saturday, February 4, 2023

Experts say that much-needed reforms in defense policy are unlikely to be implemented after the elections

The Liberal Party’s “Strong, Safe, Participatory” policy needs to be reviewed and updated: National Defense Research Institute

News Analysis

A political studies professor said that Canada only considers revising its national defense policy when there is a disaster, which is basically not a problem in federal elections. He added that despite the flaws, the status quo after the election may not change.

James FergusonThe deputy director of the Center for Defense and Security Studies at the University of Manitoba told the Epoch Times that the long-term “strong, secure, and participatory” (SSE) defense policy launched by the Liberal Party in 2017 has been outdated from the moment it was released.

“The rise of China and the revival of Russia are the two major threats facing North America,” he said. “The world has changed.”

Ferguson said that SSE still lacks details of North American defense modernization, which is expected to be an expensive task that needs to be resolved as soon as possible.

The Conference of the National Defense Association Association (CDAI), a registered charity that conducts defense and security policy research and education, also holds a similar view that the SSE needs to be reviewed and updated.

The CDAI stated in the campaign that it “lacked a broader analysis that extends to national security and foreign policy.” Primer Regarding national defense policy.

The institute pointed out that it will take years or decades to build a defense capability, and the government’s choices in the future will be limited by current policies.

Fergusson added that no re-elected government has ever gone back to undertake an overall defence policy review, and that a newly elected minority government is unlikely to change things much.

In addition, the government’s financial position has been significantly weakened by fighting the epidemic and supporting the economy, and defense spending is often one of the main candidates for cuts.

Regardless of which party is elected, “the question is how much the current economic situation has become in relation to the impact of Covid-19… and the debt and deficit problem money,” Ferguson said.

Internet Crime

Political parties’ campaign platforms tend to confuse cybercrime with national defense and public safety responsibilities because it is related to hackers and foreign interference, even if the Internet is in the realm of public safety.

Canada has repeatedly been the victim of cyber attacks supported by the communist Chinese state. The FBI believes that these attacks are aimed at stealing intellectual property and a large amount of personally identifiable information.

Global Affairs, National Defense, and Public Security stated in a joint statement on July 19 that they believe that the Ministry of National Security of China should be responsible for the hacker’s intrusion into the Microsoft Exchange server in early March.

Ferguson said that the Internet poses a much greater threat to the United States than it does to Canada, but suggested that Canada consider how to solve the problem through better coordination between different government departments.

“Perhaps what we need to think about is… how to improve the relationship between different bureaucratic levels, break our silos, and think about what we need to do in terms of cyber security. … These are very meaningful to me. ,”He said.

“It is very likely that this is not reality. However, it will not change,” Ferguson said.

Canadian Communications Security Agency CSE, which focuses on network operations as one of the country’s major security and intelligence organizations, stated that Russia, China, and Iran are likely to be responsible for most of the world’s most foreign-backed cyber attacks on the democratic process.

The CSE stated in July 2021: “We believe that Canadian voters are likely to experience some form of foreign cyber interference (ie, cyber threat activity by foreign actors or online foreign influence) before and during the next federal election.” renew.

The most comprehensive conservative

The platform of the Conservative Party, under the leadership Irene O’Toole He has served in the military for 12 years and has provided the most detailed strategies for solving many areas of national defense and national security.

Some of the Conservative Party’s initiatives include defending Arctic sovereignty, preventing cyber attacks, modernizing the North American Air Defense Command, and targeting false information and foreign interference. Canada is a Pacific country, and the Conservative Party will ask it to take a tougher attitude towards China’s aggression in the Indo-Pacific region.

One of Canada’s defense challenges is military procurement—especially fighter jets. The Conservative Party is the only party to solve the procurement bottleneck. They aim to simplify the process and “eliminate political factors from procurement” in order to expedite the procurement of equipment required by the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and prioritize the procurement of fighter jets.

The current Liberal Party supports the SSE and reiterated that they will ensure that the military has the resources needed to deal with a range of threats, including environmental threats. They did not deal specifically with procurement because it was related to national defense. Like the New Democracy Party and the Green Party, they only discussed this issue on the green initiative on the campaign platform.

The New Democracy Party talked about national defense on page 109 of its 115-page platform, and gave priority to multilateral approaches to resolve peacekeeping issues around the world. The New Democracy Party has also added an indigenous dimension to the green factors as a guide for purchasing decisions.

this Canadian People’s Party It does not specifically address national defense and security issues in its platform.Like other parties, it involves Veteran‘Issues such as acknowledging their unique sacrifices, supporting them, and providing fair disability pensions.

The Green Party hopes to re-equip the army to prioritize disaster preparedness while maintaining combat readiness. They also hope to engage with more diverse international partners and central defense and disarmament policies.

The National Defense Association Conference (CDA) and CDAI stated at a meeting on August 23 that party leaders should be expected to provide a comprehensive stand on national defense issues. statement.

The statement said: “Canadians should understand the threats we face as a country and the promises we make to our allies.”

The two organizations call on all parties to debate and discuss issues such as defense policy, defense resources, Canada-U.S. cooperation in North American territorial defense, the modernization of the North American Air Defense Command, and sexual misconduct within the Canadian Air Force.

Rahul Wadianat

reporter

Rahul Vaidyanath is a reporter for The Epoch Times in Canada. His areas of expertise include economics, financial markets, China, and national defense and security. He has worked at the Bank of Canada, Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, and investment banks in Toronto, New York and Los Angeles.

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This News Originally From – The Epoch Times

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