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Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Germany has authorized the delivery of Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine

According to the German weekly, Germany has approved the shipment of Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine and is ready to authorize the transfer of at least one company’s Leopard 2A6 model to that country. mirror, A decision that could be crucial for Kyiv in the face of a Russian offensive.

The Leopard 2, a German-built armored fighting car capable of carrying four soldiers and firing at targets up to 5,000 meters away, was the result of further development of knowledge gained in a joint project with the US that was discontinued. was given. 1969.

Of that project – the idea was to build a tank that combined mobility with protection and combat capability – only seven prototypes remained, but both the US and Germany continued to work in that direction.

The Leopard 2 was developed in Germany and Abrams in the United States. Leopard 2s have been produced in series since 1978, in various variations according to customer needs, and some improvements have been made since then.

The Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) consortium produced approximately 3,600 examples. The German Army had 2,125 but from the 1990s it started reducing its stock until it currently stands at 328.

While the Leopard 2 is a product of the KMW, its main weapon, the cannon, was developed by Rheinmetall, thus involving Germany’s two major arms manufacturers.

The tanks were developed with the “Cold War” in mind and a confrontation with Warsaw Pact troops around the inter-German border. Leopards, with the support of Marder defense tanks, were considered capable of stopping the Soviet bloc’s tanks in a potential battle on level ground.

That is why they were developed thinking above all about the possibility of destroying enemy tanks on the move. In addition to a main gun, the Leopard 2 has two machine guns and a smoke grenade launcher.

According to some experts, such weapons may not be enough if you enter into battle involving not only enemy tanks, but also infantry.

The first use of Leopard 2 in a real combat scenario took place in Kosovo within the framework of the KFOR mission. Denmark and Canada then used them in Afghanistan, where, according to the Danish Armed Forces, they showed resistance to mine attacks.

Subsequently, between 2016 and 2019, Turkey used them in northern Syria, where they found it difficult to operate in urban areas. The Turks lost three Leopard 2 as a result of side attacks.

The Leopard was developed with frontal combat in mind with other tank divisions, so the armor on the sides and rear is less solid.

The Leopard 2 weighs about 60 tonnes, can develop a speed close to 70 kilometers per hour, has the ability to cross flooded areas and rivers up to 4 meters deep and has a periscope.

The most recent model is the Leopard 2A7V but older models such as the Leopard 2A4 are still in operation, owned by Spain.

Poland has 247 Leopard 2s of the 2A4 and 2A5 types, and has expressed a desire to hand over 14 of these armored cars to Ukraine. Warsaw announced on Tuesday that it has submitted a request to Germany to transfer the Leopard 2 to Ukraine, although a day earlier it was ready to send these tanks to Kyiv even without the green light from Berlin.

The variants respond, on the one hand, to the modernizations made to the model and to the specific wishes and needs of the customer countries. According to the exclusive publication Jens, there are 18 that have Leopard 2 in operation and the transfer to Ukraine should be authorized by Germany in principle.

World Nation News Desk
World Nation News Deskhttps://worldnationnews.com/
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