The first of the two laws, approved on Friday, will allow foreigners to obtain German citizenship after five years of legal residence, instead of the eight years previously required, and retain their original citizenship.
Some demands continue to be valid, such as support for the democratic order.
In addition, from now on, it is required as a condition to assume the “special responsibility of Germany for the crimes of national socialism and their consequences, especially the obligation to protect the lives of the Jews.”
The reform of the nationality law was criticized by the opposition, and, for example, the vice president of the parliamentary group of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Jens Spahn, said that with it there are millions of people with dual nationality. and conflicts of loyalty. , at a time of tension in Germany.
According to Spahn, the nationality law contradicts the efforts to reduce the migratory pressure that led to the reform of the asylum regulations, which the CDU in any case considered irresistible.
The new regulations increase the maximum time of detention before deportation from 10 to 28 days to reduce the possibility that those affected, once released, escape the control of the authorities.
In addition, the deportation of members of criminal organizations can be facilitated, and deportation without prior notice will be possible as long as families or children under 12 years old are not affected.
The law also provides new grounds for deportation, such as committing anti-Semitic crimes or entering Germany with forged papers.
The Minister of the Interior, Nancy Faeser, said in a German public television talk show that it was a success that the three parties in the coalition agreed on the reform and emphasized that it was clear that the restrictions would not be easy for the Greens. . .
“The question is, what do you give the Greens in return?” Spahn replied.