gum disease or periodontitisIt is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world: it is estimated that 20 to 50 percent of the population suffers from it.
This disease makes a sticky film of bacteria on teeth, In its first stage, known as gingivitis, it is preventable, but over time, the disease penetrates the gums and teeth until they are destroyed.
Gum disease is also related to other diseases severe in people, for example:
Several large studies and meta-analyses agree that moderate or severe gum disease is significantly associated with dementia.
For example, one study showed that having chronic gum disease for ten years or more was associated with a 70 percent higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s.
Heart disease is also strongly linked to gum disease.
In a large study of more than 1,600 people over the age of 60, gum disease was linked to a nearly 30% increased risk of a first heart attack.
diabetes type 2
Gum disease is a known complication of type 2 diabetes, and chronic gum disease increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The processes linking the two diseases are the focus of much research, and it is likely that the inflammation caused by each condition affects the other.
Gum disease is also associated with an increased risk of developing several types of cancer. For example, patients who reported a history of gum disease showed a 43% increased risk of esophageal cancer and a 52% increased risk of colon cancer.
The best way to prevent periodontitis There is a program of good oral hygiene to be followed, which begins in the early years and is practiced consistently throughout life.
Good oral hygiene. This means brushing your teeth for two minutes, at least twice a day, in the morning and before bed, and flossing at least once a day. Flossing before brushing your teeth allows you to remove loose food particles and bacteria. Good oral hygiene prevents the development of an environment around the teeth that is conducive to the specific bacteria that cause periodontal disease.
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Regular dental visits. Visit your dentist or dental hygienist regularly for cleanings, usually every six to 12 months. If you have risk factors that increase your chances of getting periodontitis, such as dry mouth, taking certain medications, or smoking, you may need more frequent professional cleanings.