Each state has its own requirements, procedures, and deadlines for voting by mail in the November 8 midterm election.
If you live in California, Florida, New York, or Texas, here’s what you need to know.
The first requirement shared by all states is to be registered to vote in elections, a process that can be done in person and, in general, online as well. Details on how to register can be read here.
From here, the processes change. There are states that allow all registered citizens to vote by mail and others that reserve this possibility for certain groups, for example older adults or people with disabilities. There are also different deadlines for applying to vote by mail, so pay attention to the laws in your particular state.
All registered citizens in California can vote by mail. In fact, county election officials mail ballots to registered citizens, who can fill them out if they wish and avoid going to the polls on Election Day.
If you live there, you can mail your ballot to your county elections office that is postmarked after November 8. For the ballot to be valid, it must be received by the office within seven days following Election Day (if you doubt it will arrive on time, you can take it to the polling place on Election Day).
You can also deliver it in person at any state polling place or county election office, drop it off at a state drop-off location or drop box, or authorize someone to deliver it on your behalf. Huh.
You can check where your vote is after you cast it on this website.
All registered voters can vote by mail in Florida. But unlike California, they must request a ballot to do so.
You can make that request in writing, to the Election Supervisor by mail, by mail or by fax, or in person or by calling their office. Florida accepts vote-by-mail applications until 5:00 p.m. local time until Saturday, October 29.
The application must contain various personal information about the applicant, including a Florida driver’s license number, state ID number, or the last four digits of a voter’s Social Security number.
For a vote to be valid, your ballot must be received by an election office supervisor by 07:00 p.m. local time on Election Day, regardless of the postmark date (there is an extension for overseas voters).
In New York you can vote by mail if you are not in your county or New York City district where you are on Election Day, if you cannot go to your polling place because of illness or temporary or permanent disability, or if You are a caregiver for a sick or disabled person, among other matters that you can review here.
You can request a vote-by-mail ballot online through this page or in person. You can also download a PDF version of the form here for you to submit or designate someone to receive it on your behalf.
Once your vote is done, you must send it by mail ensuring that the postmark is no later than November 8. You can pick it up at your County Board of Elections office before 9:00 p.m. local time that day, or to your county’s early polling station between October 29 and November 6. A final option is to take it personally to the polling place on Election Day.
In Texas, voting by mail is only allowed for certain people: those 65 years of age and older, those who are sick or disabled, those who are expecting to give birth close to the election, or those who vote during the state. Will be out early and on election day.
You can download the vote-by-mail application form on this page or apply at your county secretary of state’s office or early voting clerk’s office.
On that application, you must provide your Texas driver’s license number, state personal identification number, or voter ID certificate number issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety. If you don’t have any of the numbers above, you can use the last four digits of the Social Security number.
Texas accepts vote-by-mail applications until October 28.
You must mail your ballot to the Early Voting Clerk by mail, carrier, or in person on Election Day. If you send it by mail, it must be postmarked no later than November 8th.
You can track your vote here.
Texas remembers that, according to the Postal Service, it is recommended that if you are in the country and you are not completing a military assignment (since other conditions are active in that case) you take at least a week. The first ballot can be sent with the vote. Election date deadline. This way you can avoid any unforeseen event that exists and could alter the delivery, for example a weather event.