The document proclaimed by the historic leader of the Revolution, Fidel Castro, on February 4, 1962, expressed the unbreakable will for the self-determination of the people and the Revolutionary Government to build socialism, and to protect the sovereignty of the country. against aggressions. of the neighbor. from the North.
He also confirmed the Latin American projection of the process of change that began on January 1, 1959, after the defeat of the tyranny of Fulgencio Batista by the rebel troops led by Fidel Castro.
The program platform presented is also a response to the aggressions, sabotage and crimes against the island, created and executed from the United States, which include the mercenary invasion of Playa Girón (Bay of Pigs) in April 1961, and the attempts to isolate To Cuba.
Days before, the United States achieved the exclusion of the Caribbean country from the Organization of American States, at the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of that organization, which took place in the Uruguayan resort of Punta del Este, Uruguay.
The Second Declaration of Havana outlined the social problems of the continent and revealed the exploitative essence of US dominance in the hemisphere, while proposing the unity of the people as a prerequisite to achieve full independence.
The imperialists – Fidel Castro stated in his speech – are not afraid for the Cuban Revolution, but for the Latin American Revolution: Faced with the accusation that Cuba wants to export its Revolution, we answer: revolutions are not export, it is made by people. What Cuba can give people, and has given, is its example, he said.
This Second National People’s General Assembly called by the leader of the rebels, became one of the major events in the foreign projection of the Revolution, where the Cubans supported the socialist course of the process.