In May, the Government approved a royal decree improving access to early retirement for people with a disability of more than 45%. Specifically, as explained on the Moncloa website, the main change is in the reduction of the years of contributions required from the diagnosis of disability, which is from 15 to 5.
Another innovation introduced in the new regulatory text is that people with more than one disabling pathology can opt for early retirement if the amount of their illnesses exceeds 45% disability.
To qualify for this type of early retirement, in addition to the aforementioned contribution requirement, there must be a minimum age. The worker with a degree of disability equal to or greater than 45% due to one of the diseases included in this measure must be at least 56 years old. Likewise, if the worker has a disability equal to or greater than 65%, the minimum age to benefit from this subsidized early retirement will be 52 years.
The Executive emphasized that this measure only applies to people with a degree of disability of at least 45%. “Workers who prove a degree of disability below 45% can access retirement at the ordinary age established for each case,” clarified the Government.
List of disabling diseases
The royal decree specifies that the disability that allows you to benefit from this early retirement must be due to one (or several) of the following pathologies:
– Intellectual disability
– Cerebral palsy
– Genetic anomalies: Down Syndrome, Prader Willi Syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome, Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Achondroplasia, Cystic Fibrosis or Wilson’s Disease.
– Autism spectrum disorder
– Congenital anomalies secondary to Thalidomide
– Sequelae of polio or post-polio syndrome
– Brain damage (acquired): Craniocerebral trauma or Sequelae of CNS tumors, infection or poisoning.
– Mental illness: Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder.
– Neurological disease: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Multiple sclerosis, Leukodystrophies, Tourette syndrome or traumatic spinal cord injury.