According to a report by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hispanics remain a significant part of the immigrant workforce in the US in 2022, representing nearly half. 18.1% of the US labor force was born overseas. The labor participation rate for foreign-born males was 77.4%, compared to 66% for those born in the country. On the other hand, 55% of foreign-born women participated in the labor force, compared to 57.2% of US-born women.
In terms of occupations, in 2022, immigrant workers were more likely than native-born workers to be employed in service, natural resources, construction, maintenance, and materials production, transportation and movement occupations. On the other hand, foreign workers were less likely to hold management, professional, sales and clerical positions.
For many immigrants, obtaining a green card or permanent residency in the US involves different avenues based on employment. Some obtain a temporary nonimmigrant visa, such as the H-1B, before seeking permanent residency. as the newspapers say the new herald There are five categories of permanent employment-based (EB) visas in Miami, USA, each with specific requirements based on the applicant’s occupation or skills.
These visas, in most cases, require that the employer sponsor the foreign worker by submitting an application to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Prior to this, the employer must obtain labor certification from the Department of Labor (DOL). Requirements vary depending on the EB visa category and the evidence needed to demonstrate the applicant’s exceptional abilities or qualifications.
EB-1 visas are intended for individuals of exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or sports, as well as outstanding professors and researchers, and executives or managers of multinational companies. This category does not require a job offer or labor certification, but is based on the presentation of evidence that demonstrates the applicant’s exceptional abilities.
EB-2 visas apply to professionals with advanced degrees, individuals of exceptional ability in the arts, sciences or business, and professionals whose work is considered to be in the national interest. This visa requires labor certification for all applicants, unless they can obtain a national interest exemption, meaning their work benefits the United States, regardless of whether their abilities are extraordinary or not.