The first industrial revolution was a milestone and there was no turning back. Fourth, in which we live today, there are many other sides to it, It’s a lot more complicated, but there are already enough clues to assume that it will also mark before and after, The fifth, which is already in the intuition, still doesn’t appear on the horizon for many companies still concerned about taking a solid foothold on the back foot.
Too many changes? too fast? Too Much Technology Available? Too many challenges? very new? And, derived from all previous questions: Too scared?
This battery of questions is not chosen at random. this is a summary of The experience of many experts in this Industry 4.0, still in development, and which is already in 5.0 . wants to develop, It is true that the sector has become more digital than ever, that it is making substantial progress in this area, but it is no less true that everything is not always as it seems.
[Equilibrio industrial y repatriación estratégica]
“Let’s be honest, The current industry has volumes of data that don’t even represent 5% of all the data it has”Resalta David Lozano, IoT Manager Southern Europe and Middle East de Vodafone.
As an expert in the application of the Internet of Things to an industry of any size, he speaks with a knowledge of the facts and explains that “there are companies that have the resources, but find it difficult to run through technology and Others who are very interested in developing but don’t have any resources”.
Consulted experts agree that, although they are all important, medium and small companies represent most of the Spanish business fabric and therefore The constraint that “lack of resources” is a real threat,
precisely vodafoneIts annual study on digitization reveals that Nearly 70% of SMEs consider their digital transformation to be very or very important, This is a high percentage which is contrary to the general feeling that there is still a lot to be done and it is one thing to be aware of the importance of technology applied to the industry and another thing that there is no difficulty.
[Apostar por la industria 4.0 y las tecnologías exponenciales]
from consultant Deloitte It is clear to them. German Martin, director of technology, strategy and transformation consulting at the company, explains that “Industrial SMEs are used to managing physical risks, but not digital ones.”
This in itself is already a break on the development of 4.0. But there is more. “All industries want to ride the wave of all emerging technologies and Some people ask questions about whether this or any other technology is useful for their procedures.” resume.
With regard to the latter, the person in charge of Vodafone is allowed to add: “The convenient thing for any industry, especially SMEs, would be to choose the process that I want to change technologically And not choosing the technology I want to apply without knowing what process might benefit from it”.
In this context, both Martin and Lozano refer to a “change in mindset” or “a change of culture.
“The world is moving so fast in this field that you don’t have to adapt but move on”
,We need SMEs to lose their fear and we all have to self-criticize. We try to glean all kinds of new technologies but what we don’t realize is that perhaps companies and their leaders need to know use cases where technology is the means and not the end”, he reflects. Industry 4.0. Juan Miguel Poyatos, Academic Director of the Master’s Degree in Taught by the School of Industrial Organization (EOI).
school of industrial organization EOI is a public foundation affiliated to the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism. During its 60-year history, it has tried to contribute to the modernization of the Spanish economy and industry through management training.
Perhaps This business school is living a critical moment. The already mentioned cultural barrier of the Spanish company is a lack of “change leaders” and, in general, a lack of specialized technical talent that wants to start a field “which, through no fault of many, has been is synonymous for “of the past”
Poyatos himself, at least, admits that “Changing Dynamics”However “Spain still needs an additional effort to align the weight of its industry with European objectives”.
“The End Customer Has Changed”
In his opinion, this desired process of digital transformation of companies is surrounded by the context that surrounds it. Four major vectors.
in one hand, “end customer has changed so business models also change very quickly”; secondly, “technologies have become cheaper, so are new rules for earning money, Obviously, another vector to keep in mind is that “digitization brings new competitors“finally”sustainability“It’s a liability for almost any company.
In this sense, the EOI intends to “prepare change leaders who have to anticipate the new environment.” Add a lapidary phrase: “The world is moving so fast in this field that you don’t need to mold yourself but move forward.”
Poyatos joins the opinion of the directors of Deloitte and Vodafone – who, by the way, are also professors in this master’s degree. ,The challenge, in fact, is not technical, but rather to overcome the barriers that companies create themselves. And, for this, a cultural change is necessary”, he endorsed.
EOI master’s degree students are typically company managers “who know what they’re coming for” and so, in addition to learning all kinds of technical applications for their industry, “they learn strategy”, reveals Martin. did. “They learn a mindset,” Lozano insists.
In short, the fact that there are official studies related to Industry 4.0, such as the EOI, only shows that the sector You need leaders to make that change And at the same time, they know how to redirect their corporate culture towards effective and efficient use of digitization.
Only then will the sector be ready for the next move.Industry 5.0 is more focused on social and sustainability standards and in which the human factor should be more present than ever.