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Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Influenza A: what are the symptoms, treatment and how to avoid severe cases

flu a and b on the rise

“What we are seeing is a substitution of Covid cases. At this time, the majority that is swabbing is influenza,” Andrea Uboldi, an infection specialist and pediatrician, commented on Clarins.

“Influenza A and influenza B are circulating. Influenza A H1N1 and H3N2 are circulating. That is, everything is circulating. This is comparable to what happened in 2016-2017”, the Argentine Society of Vaccinology and Epidemiology (SAVE )’s vice president says.

What has been seen in medical offices in recent weeks was clarified in the latest edition of the National Epidemiological Bulletin, which reports that positivity for influenza dropped below a maximum of 10% between mid- and late April. reached the end. august.

By September (epidemiological week 36) “an increase in positivity for influenza has been reported, to 31.34% at epidemiological week 38” (that is, more than 3 out of 10 tested are positive).

Influenza cases are found in all age groups, with the highest number of positive samples in the 25-34 years and 45-64 years groups, indicates the bulletin.

What does type A flu mean?

Influenza A and the circulating influenza subtypes (H1N1 and H3N2) are known variants that circulate year after year and are contained in vaccines that prevent severe illness and hospitalization.

Uboldi says, “What is being seen is an increase in daily consultations and hospitalizations, especially at the expense of pediatrics. Photos begin in many boys and girls and then the rest of the family becomes infected.” “

« In case of adults the common symptoms of fever, body ache, muscle pain and cough have been observed. And there are many cases with febrile syndrome and gastrointestinal symptoms in the case of boys and girls, ”says the doctor.

The condition is “causing absenteeism from work and school and overloading consultations in the health system.”

How long do symptoms last and how is it spread?

They from the Ministry of Health indicate that influenza viruses are mainly responsible for the symptoms of flu, which mainly affect the nose, throat, bronchial tubes and sometimes the lungs.

The viral infection usually lasts a week and is characterized by sudden onset of high fever, muscle aches, headache, general malaise, dry cough, sore throat and rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa).

Due to the similarity of symptoms, it is very difficult to differentiate it from Covid if not tested. However, experts point out that in most cases it is not necessary to establish the viral agent that caused the condition.

Infectious disease physician Florencia Kahn, president of SAVE, stressed that the important thing is that if a person feels unwell or has a fever, sore throat, cold symptoms or headache, they need to seek counseling and that “the behavior always Not good” to go to school and not go to work if we have symptoms.

how is the flu treated

When faced with a flu-like illness, treatment usually focuses on symptom management (with fever reducers such as paracetamol or aspirin), rest and a clean diet with adequate hydration.

“A widespread misconception is that flu drugs cure the flu. The so-called drugs are aimed at alleviating the symptoms of the disease, but do not act on its causative agent, “they warn in this regard from the Ministry of Health .

In general, most people who get a flu-like illness recover within one to two weeks without the need for medical treatment.

However, the flu can cause serious complications, including death, in those who belong to risk groups: people over age 65, young children, pregnant people, and people with chronic diseases or conditions (such as heart, respiratory, , kidney, immunosuppression) , cancer). , transplantation, obesity and diabetes).

how is the flu prevented

Flu virus is very contagious. Just as the symptoms and mode of transmission of flu and COVID are similar, so are the methods of prevention and care.

For this reason, it is recommended to maintain a well-ventilated environment, wash your hands frequently with soap and water, and avoid work, educational activities, or public places in the presence of symptoms.

Can I get the flu shot in October?

The answer is yes, insist the experts. People who have not yet been vaccinated can do so, especially if they are part of risk groups.

“The calendar has vaccines available for children 6 months to 2 years of age, for pregnant women (which protects infants up to 6 months of age) and for everyone who is at risk for age or co-morbidities,” says Uboldi. are part of the at-risk groups.”

And he concludes: “Just because the winter is over doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be vaccinated.”

Who should get the flu shot?

Anyone can get a flu shot.

At the public level, the flu vaccine is administered free of charge and to health workers, pregnant people at any stage of pregnancy, postpartum people (up to 10 days after discharge from the maternity hospital, if they have not received the vaccine) mandatory. pregnancy), the population over the age of 65, girls and boys aged 6 to 24 months, and people aged 2 to 64 who present risk factors.

Does the flu vaccine prevent contagion?

Vaccination is the best strategy for avoiding severe cases and hospitalization due to the flu, but a vaccinated person can still experience a flu condition.

Can flu and covid vaccines be given together?

They can be applied simultaneously, without the need for a gap between them.

World Nation News Desk
World Nation News Deskhttps://worldnationnews.com/
World Nation News is a digital news portal website. Which provides important and latest breaking news updates to our audience in an effective and efficient ways, like world’s top stories, entertainment, sports, technology and much more news.
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