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Monday, January 30, 2023

Innovative measures that will benefit the entire Argentine scientific system: from research and development to improving SMN forecasting

After much anticipation, the national government announced The purchase of a supercomputer that will be among the 100 most powerful in the world. As reported by the Ministers of Science and Technology (MinCET), daniel filmsand defense, George Taiana, The equipment is expected to be in operation from May. “It is an important contribution to national science, technology and innovation,” he stressed.

hence, Argentina will for the first time have a supercomputer with computing power that today puts it at 82nd place in the world ranking of the world’s most powerful computers.In charge of its acquisition, according to Mincyt.

Unlike the other teams that make up this ranking, Argentina will be at the service of scientists and research centers throughout the countryWho will be able to access sophisticated computing services “through state-of-the-art technology”.

“It exceeded our expectations because we expected to be one of the 500 supercomputers and become one of the first 100 largest computers in the world, and we could be the first two supercomputers in Latin America along with Brazil. Huh,” Philus expressed during the announcement of the purchase on Scientific Pole.

The equipment will be provided by the company. Lenovowho were awarded the tender for the purchase of this supercomputer which -according to official sources- 40 times more powerful than the most powerful computer installed in the country todayHuayra Muyu is used by the National Meteorological Service (SMN) to make its operational forecasts.

“It is a huge leap that allows us to keep up with countries that really have computing as one of the fundamental axes for their development strategies”, he assured.

The acquisition takes place within the framework of the National Supercomputing Initiative, implemented jointly between the two ministries, the SMN and the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (Conicet). and included an investment of 885 million pesosWhich will be financed through a loan from the CAF-Development Bank of Latin America.

Machine usage by SMN represents 10% of computer capacitySo that 90% is available for all the demands of the national scientific system.

as far as he could tell Country According to official sources, the supercomputer will provide a service that will be crucial in the design of forecasts, apart from being used in various scientific transformations. Thus, the tool will be used in complex systems modeling, genomics studies, drug design, new materials development, industrial design, modeling of oil and gas basins, artificial intelligence development, and data science, among other areas. “Calculations with an almost infinite number of variables are required and can only be done with this device.”

“With 10 percent utilization of the machine, SMN has been able to improve its number modelling, research and development service to improve forecasts at a national level and for products to be used for routine forecasts and alerts throughout Argentina.” Republic,” he said. lucas berenguaNational Weather Service meteorologist,

Satellite image of last weekend’s storm over the city and province of Buenos Aires

Thousands of equations are needed in a short amount of time to make predictions, Berengua explained, and this is where the use of supercomputers becomes important. In this sense, he highlighted: “For now, we are working with a supercomputer that is used for operational forecasting, so it does not have the ability to investigate specific phenomena.”, With the introduction of the new machine, we will be able to do both routine and specialized work.”, he informed.

Thus, the new supercomputer that will be launched in March will enable the team of experts to simulate the atmosphere and climate to project what might happen. “We will be able to get better information for forecasting,” continued Bernagua, who noted that experiments previously carried out outside the country can now be done.

Computer will work in SMN data centerUnder the Ministry of Defense, an organization that will finance the cost of 265 million pesos for adaptation works for its establishment.

Most supercomputers are composed of several less powerful CPUs (central processing units) working together and their unit of measurement is “FLOPS”, which stands for “floating point operations per second”. .

The Argentine supercomputer will have a compute capacity of 15.3 PetaFLOPS, placing it in the Top 500, a world reference list and biennial update of the world’s 500 most powerful supercomputers, currently led by Hewlett-Packard Cray of the United States along with the “Frontier”. , which has a peak performance of 1,102 peta FLOPs.

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