The tension between these two is more than two years pestilence and war In Ukraine they have made Italians sadder and sadder than ever. they fear a third world war and do not wish to make any effort to change their status or country in accordance with the 56th census report, an inquiry Operated by the Center for Social Investment Studies, a prestigious Italian socio-economic research institute established in 1964.
The “Census Report on the Social Situation of the Country” details the things that concern Italians the most and that have been revealed through surveys conducted by researchers at different levels. except inflation It has increased significantly (11.8% last year compared to 0.6% in 2019), and has a negative impact on wages and pensions, Energy issue worries a lot Especially now that winter has arrived.
limited use of heating
lost a good part of italy carrier which he bought from russia war in ukraine, And although some agreements are now being negotiated and finalized with African countries to purchase the gas, winter means the number of hours each building or household is allowed to use the regions heating is limited. had to be limited. The country is generally divided into six zones according to the temperature in winter. For example, the city of Rome is in zone D, and you can have the heating on for 11 hours a day from 14 November to 7 April. But sometimes eleven hours is not enough to heat a house and that is why many people have bought electric stoves.
But the hour limit cannot be avoided, especially since gas costs too high And increasing consumption will mean an increase in bills which not all families can afford. On the other hand, excessive consumption can also lead to gas deficiency.
and about that difference in wages, Investigation has shown that in this crisis situation people hate the privileges enjoyed by the rich today. For 87% of Italians, the difference between the salaries of managers and employees is excessive and intolerable, as are the millions in compensation in companies, the use of private jets and other privileges such as privileges.
At some point in the crisis triggered by the pandemic, there was talk of the need for millionaires to contribute part of their profits to help the state tide over the financial crisis. But then it was nothing like that. According to an investigation by Oxfam (an organization born in Great Britain in 1942, the Oxfam Committee to Alleviate Hunger, to provide food to women and children affected by the Second War), The wealth of the super-rich increased by 56% between 2020 and 2021. According to Oxfam, Italy’s 40 richest millionaires have the same wealth as the poorest 30% of Italians, ie 18 million adults.
insecurity and fear of war
According to the census, 81% of Italians fear a third world war could break out while 59% fear that the country will resort to the use of the atomic bomb and 58% are afraid of eventually being called up to fight in that war.
But what is worse is that 66.5% of Italians feel unsafe to live in this country. The percentage was 10 points lower in 2019 before the pandemic began.
Being a country that has the highest level of people over 65 in Europe (23.5% of the population in 2021), the issue of insecurity has increased as the elderly feel less safe in general. But according to the investigation, that insecurity has spread even further. In fact, 65% of Italians feel unsafe, compared to 55.5% in 2019. And fear and insecurity revolve around different points: the risk of not being self-sufficient, the risk of becoming a victim of a crime (51.7% of the population thinks so), the risk of not being able to count on enough money for retirement (47.7% of the population thinks so). %) support themselves after and of course, the fear of losing their job (47.6%).
While these fears exist, Censis notes in his investigation that Italy has made significant improvements in crime control over the past 10 years, with assaults, home and car robberies declining. On the other hand, there has been an increase in other crimes: sexual violence, extortion and computer scams.
The report says there has been an increase in “inactivity from temptation” in Italy, which now affects 54.1% of citizens. Four out of five people do not want to make sacrifices to change something in their life or country. For example, 36.4% said they were no longer interested in making sacrifices in their careers or to earn more money.
The lack of interest of the citizens to the social, economic or political problems existing in the country is serious for the development of the society. And apparently both the pandemic and the crisis created by the war have exacerbated this lack of interest.
and the clearest evidence was The last parliamentary elections which were held on 25 September. The first party qualified in those elections was not that of the current prime minister. Georgia Meloni, Fratelli d’Italia (first among all political parties with 26% of the votes) but the “party” of the non-voters, those who did not vote, those who voted blank and who left a deep mark on the history of the Second World The Italian Republic that arose after the war highlighted the report. About 18 million people, that is, about 36% who had the right to vote (voting is not compulsory in Italy), this time they did not. The voter turnout in the 2018 political elections was 73% while the polls held last September saw a voter turnout of only 64%. “Thus, a tacit return of citizens lost by the Republic has manifested itself,” Censis concluded.