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Just a year ago, the Taliban marched on Kabul and reasserted power in Afghanistan. Their very rapid arrival hastened the departure of American troops. But it is clear that the United States remains very closely tied to Afghanistan.
This Monday, August 15, the Taliban are singing songs of victory in front of the former US embassy in Kabul. They are glad that they regained the reins of power and accelerated the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan a year earlier. However, Americans remain committed to the country in the name of fighting terrorism, respecting human and minority rights, and rebuilding the economy.
Two weeks ago, Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri was killed in Kabul. American blow. This will only be a one-time action, and this does not mean that strikes will resume in Afghanistan. But the presence of the leader of the terrorist group undermines the already very bad relations between the Taliban and the Americans: “ I spoke with members of the US administration after Ayman al-Zawahiri was found and shot dead in the center of Kabul “, reports Graham Smith, think tank consultant International Crisis Group, interview with Justine Fontaine. ” And some feel personally betrayed. But people who follow these topics closely have known for a long time that the Taliban were trying to get oil and oil money. he continues. Indeed, United States think they disrespected Doha Agreement 2020signed under Donald Trump and providing, in exchange for the withdrawal of American troops, a ban on access to Afghan territory by jihadist groups.
► Read also: Afghanistan: Central Bank assets still frozen, no easing in relations with Washington
The American shadow is also putting pressure on the finances of Afghanistan, since Washington froze the assets of the Afghan Central Bank. More than 70 economists from around the world, including Nobel laureate Joseph Stiglitz, called on President Joe Biden to allocate these funds to help Afghans, who are 95% hungry. Negotiations are underway, but they move very slowlyGraham Smith says. It’s terrible because the World Bank and others explain that you can’t solve a humanitarian crisis without first solving the economic crisis. However, one way to do this is to unlock the frozen assets of the Central Bank. “. TO less than three months before the US midterm elections, the risk for President Joe Biden would be to appear to be making concessions to the Taliban regime by unfreezing their assets. He still has to postpone his decision.
Mexico: Violent outbreak linked to organized crime
At least 11 people, including a 4-year-old child, were killed in Ciudad Juarez, on the US border, in a series of attacks on businesses. Country. In the states of Jalisco and Guanajuaro, the press reports fires and roadblocks organized by drug cartels. In recent days, a wave of violence has hit the city. Mexicowhich prompted the authorities to respond. The army was deployed in the affected cities. President of Mexico Andres Manuel Lopez Obradortook the floor himself, noting that for the first time innocent civilians were targeted.
The Innucadie Festival in Canada, a bridge between Indigenous and Quebec cultures.
After his visit to CanadaSeveral weeks ago, Pope Francis acknowledged genocide » in the drama of boarding schools for the natives. Between the end of the 19th centurye century and the 1990s, tens of thousands of indigenous children were torn from their families and interned in these boarding schools, mostly run by the Catholic Church, for the purpose of ” assimilation This historic episode is still very painful for Indigenous communities. For some time, Canada has taken initiatives to promote reconciliation.
In Quebec City, in Natashcuan, a small Acadian descendant village 1,300 kilometers from Montreal, the Innoucadie Festival attempts to bring Aboriginal and Quebec cultures together in one place, telling stories and songs, and facilitating dialogue. Report by Pascal Hericolas.
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Recently declared Minister Delegate for Overseas Territories” unique Sargassum control structure is now on its way to Martinique.