On this day, November 6, 1789, Pope Pius VI appointed the first bishop of the United States: Jesuit priest John Carroll, who had been appointed Bishop of Baltimore.
John Carroll was born on January 8, 1736 in Upper Marlborough, Maryland.
In 1747 he was sent to a Jesuit school. In 1748 he was also sent with his cousin to another school, the Jesuits.
On September 8, 1753, he made his first vows as a Jesuit.
On February 14, 1761, at the age of 26, he was ordained a priest and then began teaching philosophy at the English College.
He took his eternal vow on February 2, 1771.
In 1776, the Continental Congress asked him to accompany Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Chase and his cousin Charles Carroll on a mission to Canada.
Although he questioned the justification for a Catholic priest to be involved in political affairs, he felt it his patriotic duty to make it known.
The website of the current Archdiocese of Baltimore notes that Father Carroll wrote a 115-page treatise in 1785 in response to a text by his cousin, justifying his conversion to the Anglican branch in the Episcopalian Church, United States. was.
The title of the priest’s text is “An Address to the Roman Catholics of the United States”.
In his book he writes that “America can prove to the world by a general and egalitarian tolerance that it allows only the transmission of arguments, which is the most effective way of bringing all denominations of Christians to a common understanding.” Is.” unity of faith.
After some time he wrote to the prefect of the evangelical congregation at the Vatican, who was in charge of the mission areas, saying that it would not be convenient to have an apostolic pastor in the United States, and that it would be better to have a local diocese in charge of a bishop. For.
On November 6, 1789, Pope Pius VI created the Diocese of Baltimore and named it its first diocese.
He received the episcopal consecration on August 15, 1790. Sometime later he was appointed Archbishop of Baltimore, when that jurisdiction was extended to the Archdiocese.
Archbishop John Carroll died on December 3, 1815, at the age of about 81, while still the Archbishop of Baltimore.