Without giving details of any constitutional reforms that will be sent to Congress, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador announced that they will reverse the pension reforms promoted by the governments of Ernesto Zedillo and Felipe Calderón because “their impact on IMSS and ISSSTE workers is unfair because they will prevent them from retiring at 100 percent of their salary. To fix this this year, a seed fund of 64 billion pesos will be created, which will increase the compensation of the workers affected by anti-labor reforms.
In the noble legislative precinct where the 1857 Constitution was approved, together with his cabinet, the president also proposed changes in favor of indigenous peoples, obliging the Mexican state to “consult them when there are jobs that can affect their lives and environment and provide them with legal legitimacy to receive resources from the budget and promote unconstitutionality actions against laws that affect them.
As he announced, he approved his proposal for electoral and judicial reform in such a way that electoral advisers, ministers, magistrates, and judges are elected by popular vote. Similarly, he will propose the reduction of councilors in the municipalities; eliminate the multi-member deputies and senators, which will reduce it to 300 deputies and 64 senators.
Regarding the fight against corruption, López Obrador firmly pointed out that the austerity of the republic will be the policy of the state, so “Article 127 of the Constitution will be renewed more clearly and strongly to strengthen the principle of no servant to the public to get more than the President. of the Republic. In this, he said, the legacy of Benito Juárez will be honored so that it will not only be seen in paintings.
In the economic field, the reform to strengthen the Federal Electricity Commission stands to return to its nature as a public and strategic company, for the benefit of domestic consumers and the national interest. This measure was abolished, he said, during the neoliberal era to favor the privatization of the electricity industry.
He announced that the Constitution will prohibit the use of genetically modified corn, the extraction of hydrocarbons through fracking, and implementation in areas where there is a lack of water, so concessions will only be allowed for domestic use.
Penalties will be heavy for the crime of extortion committed by organized crime as well as white-collar crimes committed through billing companies.
Another initiative aims to change the age to receive the pension for the elderly, as well as to make the pension for people with disabilities universal, providing scholarships for poor students as well as guaranteeing comprehensive medical care. That the workers “will be the owners of their homes”; prohibit animal abuse.
Establish a minimum wage for teachers, doctors, nurses, soldiers, sailors, and members of the National Guard, as well as guarantee that, in no case, the minimum wage is increased below inflation.
In order to prevent the National Guard from decaying, as happened to the defunct Federal Police, it is proposed that this new institution created to implement security tasks be transferred to the Secretariat of National Defense.