The owner of the Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture, and Fisheries (MGAP), Fernando Mattos, calls on developed countries to accept responsibility and compensate those affected by the consequences of climate change—e.g., Uruguay with last summer’s severe drought—as it was done in time for the Global Forum for Food and Agriculture (GFFA).
The leader participates in the Global Forum for Food and Agriculture, a conference on agricultural policy organized by the German government that brought together more than 200 officials from around the world. During his speech, Mattos emphasized the responsibility of developed countries regarding the impact of the climate suffered by developing regions.
“We demand that the PROMISE, which has been established for many years, provide the necessary resources to FEES in developing countries that suffer the effects of climate change on their agricultural production,” said the minister. “The effect of climate change It also creates instability from an economic, social, and even political perspective in some cases,” he added.
Mattos appreciates the presence of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) as an articulator of the forum. The hierarch presides over the main body of the IICA, the Inter-American Board of Agriculture (IABA), which brings together all the ministers of agriculture in America, which is why he also emphasized that they are on the call.
“The role of IICA This is very important. It is an organization that brings together 34 member countries from a very important continent for global food production. Almost a quarter of the foods they produce come from our continent, and therefore it is important that the organization that unites us be in a forum where it is important,” said the minister.
The influence of climate change on productivity
The leader highlighted the fact that during the conference, in addition to dealing with topics such as food safety and that the agricultural sector is in the world, it is important to pay attention to the challenges presented by climate change in production. In that sense, he emphasized that it is necessary to consider “the challenges of a production that is increasingly subject to the risks of climate change.”
Meanwhile, he also remembers that the world is facing a big reality: migratory flow. “The uprooting of the land has an explanation, and it is that the production is more difficult because of the severe weather conditions. These are not only questions of productive losses; there are also problems of sanitary behavior, pests, diseases, or weeds that, depending on climate change, will have a significant impact,” he warned.
For this reason, he specified that the role of science is the basis for the development of the answer to new productive technology, which allows us to create and deal with the resilience of the most vulnerable countries and producers in the face of the impact of climate change on their realities.
To ensure food security, free trade
Regarding the lack of fluidity in foreign trade, especially in the food sector, Mattos requested that the food trade be liquid with no protectionist barriers. “Protectionism is growing in this reality of political instability, with wars in Europe and the Middle East, which create very significant difficulties in supply chains,” he explained.
In that sense, he stressed that “the commercial freedom “It is really threatened because the barriers are increasingly being put up that are more difficult to overcome and also create a factor of difficulty for countries that export food.”