The EU must reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 90–95% by 2040, as well as promote action in all sectors, including buildings, transport, agriculture, and forestry.
More efforts are needed to stay on track to 1.5 C and meet the EU’s climate goals from 2030 to 2050, says the report of the European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change (ESABCC), which was presented today.
The independent body, which provides the European Union with scientific knowledge, experience, and advice on climate change, recommends that EU leaders quickly conclude negotiations on key initiatives of the European Green Deal that are still pending and place special emphasis on the pending Energy Review. Taxation Directive to further encourage the deployment of clean alternatives to the use of fossil fuels.
In addition, he explained that the achievement of the package, Fits 55, now depends on swift national action. With only seven years left until 2030, ESABCC urgently urges national governments to develop and implement their national energy and climate plans to ensure a reduction in EU emissions of 55% or more by 2030 compared to 1990. More steps are needed. It takes 55 years to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. This includes new reforms of the current EU policies for the period after 2030 and the introduction of new ones that continue to more ambitiously reduce the need for materials, energy, and greenhouse gas-intensive products.
“There is no time to stop the global race to net zero. The Green Deal puts Europe on the right path. However, only effective implementation by governments and a strong post-2030 strategy to quickly leave coal, gas, and oil will ensure that we get there,” said Neil Makaroff, director of think tank Strategic Perspectives.
Get rid of fossil fuels
EU policies must be fully aligned with the need to phase out fossil fuels, as agreed at COP28. While the EU is pushing for an ambitious outcome on this issue, the ESABCC warns that the EU’s own policies are not yet fully in line with this. phase out. “The EU has made great progress in recent years to strengthen its climate policy framework. But achieving climate neutrality by 2050 is a race against time, and we cannot withdraw now. is now in line with our long-term goals and will start preparing for further reductions after 2030,” said Ottmar Edenhofer, president of ESABCC.
The study emphasizes a rational transition and public support through transparent and participatory processes and assessments of the socioeconomic impact of climate policies. “Member States must urgently implement the broad set of legislative measures recently agreed at the EU level that ensure the creation of incentives that promote a progressive and inclusive net zero emissions economy,” said Laura Díaz Anadán, vice president of ESABCC.