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New guidelines urge screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea in women 24 and under

September 14 (WNN)—— According to new guidelines issued by the Journal of the American Medical Association on Tuesday, all sexually active women and pregnant women 24 and younger should be screened for chlamydia and gonorrhea.

In addition, the author of the guidelines stated that women and women 25 years of age and older and pregnant women (such as those with multiple partners) are at higher risk of contracting these sexually transmitted diseases and should also be routinely screened.

The guidelines were issued by the US Preventive Services Task Force (an independent voluntary group composed of national preventive and evidence-based medicine experts), and it is not recommended to screen men for these diseases.

The previous guidelines issued by the US Preventive Services Task Force did not provide for screening for women 25 years of age and older.

“Although the evidence of increased risk for young women and older women is clear, there is insufficient evidence to determine whether screening men can reduce their risk of complications or spread the infection to others,” Dr. Michael Barry, vice chair of the working group Say the press release.

“We need more research to understand the benefits and harms of screening men for chlamydia and gonorrhea,” said Barry, who is also the director of the Informed Medical Decision-Making Program at the Health Decision Science Center at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that nearly 2 million people across the country were diagnosed with chlamydia in 2019. This is the most recent year for which data is available, although this may be underestimated because many people with this disease have no symptoms .

According to the agency, more than 60% of these cases occur in people aged 15 to 24, and women of all ages are about twice as likely to be diagnosed with infections as men.

The CDC stated that at the same time, there were just over 600,000 gonorrhea cases nationwide in 2019.

The agency said that although male infections are more common than females, the latter’s cases are increasing.

Data from the CDC shows that these two infections, like all sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, are becoming more common in the United States.

According to Scripps Health, like other STDs, chlamydia and gonorrhea are usually passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during sexual intercourse without knowing it.

However, as long as there is an exchange of body fluids, as long as the infected area is touched, these diseases can also spread.

Scripps said that because of the lack of external symptoms, people infected with these diseases may not know.

According to the working group, age is one of the most important risk factors for these infections, with teenagers and young adults having the highest infection rates.

Other risk factors include new or multiple sexual partners, inconsistent use of condoms when they are not in a monogamous relationship or previous or existing STDs.

Based on the review of scientific evidence, the US Preventive Services Task Force issues recommendations on screening and diagnosis of multiple diseases.

The organization stated that although men are at risk of contracting chlamydia and gonorrhea, both diseases can cause serious health complications for women and pregnant women, including infertility, even if there are no external symptoms.

According to Scripps, in pregnant women, chlamydia may increase the risk of preterm birth and ectopic pregnancy, which means that the fertilized egg develops outside the uterus.

Pregnant women with these infections can also pass them to their babies. Scripps Health points out that in the case of gonorrhea, this can cause serious infections and vision problems in the baby.

According to the working group, this final recommendation applies to sexually active adolescents and adults, including pregnant women, who have no signs or symptoms of chlamydia or gonorrhea.

It said that screening can help identify chlamydia and gonorrhea among asymptomatic people so that they can receive appropriate care.

The guide author said that although this is true for both men and women, the scientific evidence to date does not necessarily indicate that routine screening for these diseases in men can reduce the risk of transmission and other health complications.

“Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are the two most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States, and if left untreated, they can cause serious health problems,” said task force member Martha Kubic in a press release.

George Mason University School of Nursing Professor Kubik said: “Screening all sexually active women 24 years of age and under, as well as older and higher-risk women, can identify infections so that people can get the care they need to stay healthy. “In Fairfax, Virginia


World Nation News Desk
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