Rome ( Associated Press) – A trunk with a lid left open. A wooden dishware closet, its shelves folded in. Three-legged accent tables with decorative bowls. These latest discoveries by archaeologists are enriching knowledge about middle-class life in Pompeii, before the fiery eruption of Mount Vesuvius buried the ancient Roman city in volcanic rubble.
The Archaeological Park of Pompeii, one of Italy’s top tourist attractions, announced the recent discovery on Saturday. Its director, Gabriel Zuchtriegl, said in 2018 that excavations for the first time in the “domus”, or rooms in the house, revealed precious details about the domestic environment of the city’s ordinary citizens, which was destroyed in AD 79.
In previous decades, excavations focused largely on the opulent, elaborately frescoed villas of Pompeii’s upper-class residents. But near modern Naples, archeological activity in the vast site has focused on the lives of the middle class as well as servants and other enslaved people.
“In the Roman Empire, there was a large section of the population who struggled with their social status and for whom ‘daily bread’ was nothing but a given,” said Zuchtriegl. “A vulnerable section during political crises and food shortages, but also ambitious about climbing the social ladder.”
Items unveiled on Saturday include furnishings and household items at the Domus, which was called the home of Larario for the area of the house devoted to domestic spirits known as Larerio. There is one in the courtyard of the house discovered in 2018.
Zuchtriegl noted that while there was also an exceptionally well decorated tank in the courtyard, “apparently, the (financial) resources were not enough to decorate the five rooms of the house.
In one bedroom, archaeologists found the remains of a bed frame with traces of fabric from pillows. The bed type is similar to the three, cot-like beds in a small room of another residence last year, which archaeologists believe served as a storeroom and sleeping quarters for the family of Pompeii’s enslaved inhabitants. is doubled.
The bedroom findings, announced Saturday, also included the remains of a wooden trunk with an open lid. Although the weight of the beams and roof panels that crashed due to a volcanic eruption caused heavy damage to the trunk, among the items found inside was an oil lamp decorated with bas reliefs depicting the ancient Greek god Zeus as an eagle. went. Nearby was a small, three-legged round table, similar to the accent tables prevalent today.
Exposing the storeroom revealed a wooden closet, its backboard still intact but shelves tucked inside. Archaeologists believe the closet had at least four panel doors and contained cookware and dishes for a nearby kitchen. Excavators found a hinge from the enclosure.
Other items found in the house include a translucent, a large piece of rimmed plate and a well-preserved incense stick shaped like a cradle in brilliant shades of cobalt blue and emerald.