The origin of the Compulsory Military Service (SMO) in Spain, commonly known as ‘Mili’, dates back to the 18th century, the date on which Charles III proclaimed the Royal Ordinance of the mandatory annual replacement of the Army. It spread during the 19th and 20th centuries, although it was no longer mandatory at the beginning of the 21st century.
In 2001 when the termination of the obligation was implemented, due to the agreement reached five years ago by José María Aznar, the winner of the 1996 general election and candidate for the Presidency of the Government, and the former president of the Generalitat, Jordi Pujol, known as the ‘Majestic Pact’, is why the Convergencia i Unió gave its favorable vote to the first investiture of the former popular president 27 years ago.
Although the Military stopped being mandatory 22 years ago, some of the citizens who fulfill their duty by completing the SMO have the option to take advantage of it to get an increase in their retirement pension. However, this benefit is only available to those seeking early retirement and will count for a maximum of one year. The conditions are the same for the self-employed and for employees.
In addition to men, those women who perform the mandatory female social service are also entitled to a reward as compensation for periods of absence from work. Similarly for men, the counting period will be one year. Thus, they can add one year of contributions when calculating the period of years contributed to Social Security.
How to accredit the Military for a request for a raise
Workers who want to request a retirement pension in advance and thereby increase the time of the Mandatory Military Service in the calculation of the years of contributions, must request the subdelegation of the Ministry of Defense in the province where they live before the start of the Mili the document or certificate confirming the performance of the service.
The applicant must present a copy of the DNI and military card. And if you want to request recognition during the voluntary period or beyond the mandatory period, you must also document it. With the Defense documentation, the interested party must request online through the Social Security Electronic Headquarters to request the inclusion of the period in which they are absent to fulfill the service obligation.