a diet rich in vegetablesWhole grains, dried fruits and legumes can reduce the risk of bowel cancer in men by more than a fifth, according to a study conducted on 79,952 men in the United States. The research found that people who ate the most healthy plant-based foods had a 22% lower risk than those who ate the least.
The findings were published in the journal BMC Medicine And the researchers noted that they found no such link for the 93,475 women who participated in the study. The team suggested that the link is clear to ManWho have a higher overall risk of bowel cancer.
“Colorectal cancer is third most common cancer worldwide and the lifetime risk of developing it is 1 in 23 for men and 1 in 25 for women,” said study author Jihye Kim from Kyung Hee University, Korea. From the south.
He added: “Although previous research has suggested that plant-based diets may play a role in preventing colorectal cancer, the impact of the nutritional quality of plant foods was not clear. Our findings suggest that eat a healthy diet Plant-based diet linked to reduced risk of colorectal cancer.
Study on the association between consumption of vegetables and a lower risk of contracting bowel cancer
For research, he gave people a list of 180 items And they were asked how often they ate certain foods, as well as what they drank and the portion sizes. Participants could mark whether they ate each food from “never or almost never” to “two or more times a day”, while for drinks, responses ranged from “never or almost never” to “once a day”. four or more times”.
were classified as groups eating healthy vegetables (whole grains, fruits, vegetables, vegetable oils, nuts, legumes such as lentils and chickpeas, tea and coffee), less healthy plant foods (refined cereals, fruit juices, potatoes, added sugars) and foods of animal origin ( animal fats, dairy, eggs, fish or shellfish, meat).
“We speculate that antioxidants found in foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains may contribute to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer suppressing chronic inflammation, which can lead to cancer,” Kim said.
“Seeing it men are at greater risk In the case of colorectal cancer compared with women, we suggest that this may help to explain why eating higher amounts of healthy plant-based foods is associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer in men, but not women. “
The link between men and colorectal cancer
The authors found that the link between men and the disease also varied by ethnicity. For example, among Japanese American men, the reduction in cancer risk was 20%, but for white men it was 24%, and the more accurate results required more attention to differences between ethnicities to draw a definitive conclusion. Research was needed.
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“We suggest that the relationship between Plant-based diet and risk of colorectal cancer This may be stronger in Japanese, American and white men because of differences in other colorectal cancer risk factors between ethnic groups,” Kim said.
during the course, 4.976 person (2.9%) developed bowel cancer and, in addition to diet, factors that possibly influenced the results were taken into account, such as whether some of these people were overweight.