India is once again going to host a global conference on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address a virtual high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly next week on deserts, land degradation and drought. The purpose of this conference is to agree on new plans to tackle the problem of drought (desert island) and increase soil fertility.
A report from the General Assembly Speaker’s Office said that PM Modi will address the virtual high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on the morning of June 14. The COP-14 conference will include ministers, scientists, government representatives, non-governmental organizations and various community groups from member countries. UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohamed will also attend the high-level conference.
PM Modi inaugurated the 14th session
Let me tell you that PM Modi inaugurated the 14th session of the UN General Assembly in September 2019 to fight the desert. The UNCCD is the only international treaty that is legally binding on environmental and development issues. World Desertification and Drought Prevention Day is celebrated on December 17 every year to raise awareness about international efforts to tackle the desert challenge.
The problem of desert and drought
Today the world is facing many problems. The desert problem is also considered a big problem. The earth is constantly drying up due to deforestation and damage to the environment. Fertile land is also turning into a desert. Desert excess damages vegetation and nature. It also affects agricultural productivity, livestock and seasonal events.
If action is not taken soon, a large number of the world’s population will face food and water problems. The nations of the world have come together at the United Nations Desert Prevention Summit (UNCCD) to combat these problems.
Impact on 40 percent of the world’s population
According to the UN, one-fifth of the household land has deteriorated. Which includes more than half of the agricultural land. Which has also affected the livelihoods of 3.2 billion people. Which is 40 percent of the global population. If the management of land is not changed now, 90% of the land will be affected by drought. Which will increase the damage of climate change and biodiversity. Together will cause forest fires and many problems.