Sunday, March 3, 2024

PP and PSOE agree to reverse PNV’s right to decide Constitutional changes

The PP and the PSOE agreed to reform Article 49 of the Constitution and replace the term “disabled” with “disabled,” and they also agreed to reverse the PNV’s amendments to include the “right to decide” in the Magna Carta. In fact, the two formations, which added up to 258 deputies from the 350 in Congress, overthrew the eleven amendments presented by the PNV and the two registered by Sumar. Of the remaining parties, none presented changes. The agreement between Alberto Núñez Feijóo and Pedro Sánchez was to limit this constitutional reform to Article 49, and they complied.

The truth is that in the PP, they doubt the PSOE and fear that it will agree to the requests of its partners as a flash. If that scenario had happened, the important reform of Article 49 would have been derailed because any change in the constitution needs the support of 210 deputies, which only the PP and PSOE can reach. However, the socialists followed the agreement and, at the meeting of the Congressional Board this Wednesday, they voted against admitting the changes for processing, while their colleagues in Sumar were divided: the two members present of the Board. , Gerardo Pisarello, voted in favor of the PNV and Sumar amendments, and Esther Gil de Reboleño abstained. The PP voted against, and popular sources give several reasons: among them, that the PNV amendments have no “formal connection” or “material connection” to the goal of the reform because they try to introduce issues of territory of a change in Article 49 with clear social content; and that the content of the reform desired by the PNV requires an aggravated majority (twelve thirds).

The PNV took advantage of the possibility of changing the Constitution to introduce other issues through its amendments, such as the territorial debate and the “equity of the Basque Country.” Specifically, this “property” promoted by the Basque nationalists includes various changes to the articles of the Constitution and the introduction of an additional provision to clearly include the “right to decide.” “The full realization of the historical rights of the Basques as an institutional manifestation of their self-government, expressed through the right of decision of its citizens, freely and democratically represented, the use of which is approved by the state,” says the amendment of Andoni Ortuzar and Aitor Esteban, knocked down, like the others, by the PP and the PSOE at the meeting of the Congressional Board this Wednesday.

The PNV also seeks to amend Article 2 of the Constitution and delete that the Magna Carta “is based on the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation, the common and indivisible homeland of all Spaniards.” In Article 8, it seeks to eliminate the role of the Armed Forces of Spain to “defend the territorial integrity and the constitutional order.” And, in addition, it seeks to abolish Article 155, which allows the government to intervene in an autonomous community if it acts illegally, as happened during the “procés” of 2017 in the Generalitat of Catalonia.

Basque nationalists also want to tweak Article 56 to limit the inviolability of the King and defend that “it should be limited only to acts performed for the said institution and cannot be extended to his private acts.”

With this path of change, the Basque nationalists wished to go beyond Article 49 of the Constitution, but this was prevented by the majority of the PP and PSOE. The Basque nationalists do not have much support from other pro-independence forces, because even Bildu criticized the PNV in the debate on Tuesday for the introduction of the territorial debate in this constitutional reform. “This is a lack of respect for Basque citizens,” said the spokesman for the nationalist left, Mertxe Aizpurua. Neither Junts, Esquerra, nor BNG presented amendments to reform the Constitution.

Specifically, the reform of Article 49 of the Constitution is a demand made by the Spanish Committee of Representatives of People with Disabilities (CERMI) over the years to “give dignity” to people with disabilities. The constitutional reform is expected to follow Article 49, which currently has the following words: “The public powers shall implement a policy of provision, treatment, rehabilitation, and integration of the physically, sensory, and mentally disabled, that they will give special attention and care.” that they need, and especially protect them for the enjoyment of the rights granted by this Title to all citizens.” With the reform desired by PP and PSOE, Article 49 contains two points.

In the first point, the following will be said: “Persons with disabilities exercise the rights granted by this title under the conditions of real and effective freedom and equality. The special protection required for said exercise shall be regulated by law. ” On the second point: “Public authorities will promote policies that guarantee full personal autonomy and social inclusion of people with disabilities in environments accessible to all. Likewise, they will encourage participation in their organizations in accordance with the terms established by law.The specific needs of women and minors with disabilities are especially addressed.

World Nation News Desk
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