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Wednesday, March 29, 2023

Preeclampsia linked to increased risk of heart attack after pregnancy

According to a study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, women with preeclampsia may be more likely to have a heart attack and/or stroke seven years after childbirth, with the risk increasing after 20 years. Society…



According to a study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, women with preeclampsia may be more likely to have a heart attack and/or stroke seven years after childbirth, with the risk increasing after 20 years. european society of cardiology (ESC), This is the first study to assess the magnitude of risk by age.

affects up to preeclampsia 8% of pregnancies worldwide, Most cases are mild but if not treated in time, it can lead to serious complications for the mother and the baby. The most common medical signs are high blood pressure and protein in the urine, which develop after 20 weeks of pregnancy or soon after delivery. This includes intense headache, as well as abdominal pain and nausea. ,Women may mistake them for ‘normal’ pregnancy symptoms and therefore should not seek medical help until the condition becomes serious.said the study author. Drag. Sara Hallum, from the University of Copenhagen (Denmark).

For the work, national registries were used to help identify all pregnant women in Denmark between 1978 and 2017. Women were grouped by one or more pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and those without preeclampsia. The participants were free of heart disease before pregnancy and were followed for up to 39 years for heart attack and stroke. As Dr. Hallam put it in this regard, “This allowed us to accurately assess when cardiovascular disease occurred in women with and without preeclampsia, and to estimate risk in different age groups and over longer follow-up periods.,

Ultimately, 1,157,666 women were analyzed. 2% of women with preeclampsia in their first pregnancy suffered a heart attack or stroke within two decades after giving birth, compared to 1.2% of unaffected women. The difference in risk became apparent seven years after delivery. “The 2% incidence of acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke should not be accepted as a cost of pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia, especially given the young age of these women when they become ill (less than 50 years), says the paper.



risk quadruples

researchers observed that Women with preeclampsia were four times more likely to have a heart attack And those who do not have preeclampsia are three times more likely to have a stroke within 10 years of giving birth. The preeclampsia group had twice the risk of heart attack or stroke even more than 20 years after giving birth compared to unaffected women.

When they looked at heart disease risk by age, they found that with women ages 30 to 39 The rates of heart attack and stroke were five and three times higher in those with a history of preeclampsia., respectively, compared to the same females. Age with no history of preeclampsia. The increased chance of cardiovascular disease in people with a history of preeclampsia persists through adulthood, and women older than 50 have twice the risk compared to their peers without a history of pregnancy complications.

,Our study suggests that the women who are most likely to benefit from screening are those who had preeclampsia after the age of 35 and who had had it more than once. Prevention should begin within a decade after delivery, for example, by treating high blood pressure and educating women about heart disease risk factors such as smoking and inactivity.Dr Hallam concluded.


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